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Indians Winning International Awards
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INDIAN NOBEL PRIZE WINNERS
Rabindra Nath Tagore (1861-1941):
Author and educator, he founded the Shanti Niketan (1901) which later became the Vishwabharati University. Tagore was awarded the Nobel Prize for literature in 1913 for his work Gitanjali. He was the first Asian recipient of the honour. His important works include Sonar Tari, Chaitali, Kalpana, Chitrangada and Sadhana. He composed the National Anthems of India and Bangladesh.
C. V. Raman (1888-1970):
Physicist Raman was awarded the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1930 for his study on the scattering of light, popularly known as The Raman Effect, the theory that describes the change in frequency of light while passing through a transparent medium. He founded the Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore. He was awarded the Lenin Peace Prize in 1958 and conferred with the Bharat Ratna in 1954.
Hargobind Khurana (b.1922):
Now an American citizen, he was born in Raipur (Punjab), now in Pakistan. He took his Ph.D in Chemistry from the University of Liverpool and in 1960 joined the University of Wisconsin. Khurana was awarded the Nobel for Medicine in 1968 for the interpretation of genetic code and its function in protein synthesis. The co-winners of award along with Khurana were Robert W.Holley and W.Marshall Nirenberg.
Mother Teresa (1910-1997):
The 'Angel of Mercy', Mother Teresa was born to Albanian parents in Skopliji, Yugoslavia and baptized Agnes Gonxa Bojaxhin. She came to India when she was 18 and soon founded the 'Missionaries of Charity' which was approved by the Vatican in 1950. She was given Indian citizenship in 1948. She was awarded Nobel Prize for Peace in 1979.
Subramanium Chandrashekhar (b. 1910):
Now an American citizen, Chandrashekhar was born in Lahore, Pakistan and educated at the Presidency, Madras. He was the nephew of Sir C.V Raman. He was awarded the Nobel Prize for physics in 1983 for his theoretical studies of the physical process of importance to the structure and evolution of stars (The 'Chandrashekhar Limit').
Amartya Sen (b.1933):
The Lamont Professor of Philosophy and Economics at Harvard University, and a member of the World Bank Advisory Board, Amartya Sen was awarded the Nobel Prize for Economics in 1998. The Kerala University on May 18, 2000 decided to honor Nobel laureate Amartya Sen with an honorary doctorate in literature.
Ramon Magsaysay Award
Several Indian nationals have won the Ramon Magsaysay Award. In the category
of 'Government Service' the awardees include: C.D.Deshmukh
(1959), Kiran Bedi (1994) and James Michael Lyngdoh (2003). In the category
of 'Public Service' the recipients include Jayaprakash
Narayan (1965), M.S.Subbulakshmi (1974), Mannibhai Desai (1982), Baba Amte
(1982), Lakshmi Chand Jain (1989), Banoo Jehangir Coyaji (1993), Mahesh
Chandra Mehta (1997) and V.Shanta (2005).
In the category of 'Community
Leadership' the receipients included Vinoba Bhave (1958), Verghese
Kurien (1963), Dr.Dara N.Khurody (1963), Tribhuvandas Patel (1963),
Kamladevi Chattopadhyay (1966), M.S.Swaminathan (1971), Ela Bhatt (1977),
Pramod Karan Sethi (1981), Chandi Prasad Bhatt (1982), Pandurang Shastri
Athavale (1996), Aruna Roy (2000), Rajendra Singh (2001), Shanta Sinha
(2003), Prakash Amte & Mandakini Amte (2008).
In the category of 'Journalism,
Literature, and the Creative Communication Arts' the recipients
included Amitabha Chowdhury (1961), Satyajit Ray (1967), Boobli George
Verghese (1975), Sombhu Mitra (1976), Gour Kishore Ghosh (1981), Arun
Shourie (1982), K.V. Subbanna (1991), Ravi Shankar (1992), Mahasweta Devi
(1997) and Palagummi Sainath (2007).
In the category of 'Peace
and International Understanding' the recipients included Mother
Teresa (1962), Jockin Arputham (2000) and Laxminarayan Ramdas (2004). In the
category of 'Emergent Leadership' the recipients included
Arvind Kejriwal (2006) and Nileema Mishra (2011).
In addition, Deep
Joshi (2009), Harish Hande (2011) and Kulandei Francis (2012) were also
conferred with the Ramon Magsaysay Award.
AGA KHAN AWARD
The Aga Khan Award for Architecture is given every three years and is worth $70,000 (Rs 29.75 lakh). The 47-year-old Ahmedabad-based architect, Himanshu Parikh is the recipient of the coveted Award for his Indore project. The Award was earlier bestowed on two other Indian projects: the Bhopal Vidhan Sabha designed by Charles Correa and the Lepers' Hospital in Chopda Taluka constructed by two Norwegian architects.