The Award was instituted by Government of India to be given annually for
outstanding contribution to the promotion of international understanding,
goodwill and friendship among the peoples of the world. The Award is
administered by the Indian Council for Cultural Relations (ICCR). The Award
carries prize money of 1 crore besides a trophy and citation. (convertible into
foreign currency). The Award is made by a Jury appointed by Government of India
for this purpose. The Jury consists of seven eminent Indians including Vice
President of India, Chief Justice of India who are ex-officio members. The Vice
President is the Chairman of the Jury.
The previous recipients of the Award are U Thant (1965), Martin Luther King Jr
(1966-presented posthumously), Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan (1967), Yehudi Menuhin
(1968), Mother Teresa (1969), Kenneth D. Kaunda (1970), Josip Broz Tito (1971),
Andre Mairaux (1972), Julius k. Nyerere (1973), Raul Prebisch (1974), Jonas Salk
(1975), Giuseppe Tucci (1976), Tulsi Meherji Shrestha (1977), Nichidatsu Fujli
(1978), Nelson Mandela (1979), Barbara Ward (1980), Alva and Gunnar Myrdal
(jointly-1981), Leopold Sedar Senghor (1982), Bruno Kreisky (1983), Indira
Gandhi (1984-posthumously), Olaf Palme (1985-posthumously), 1986 (not awarded),
Javier Perez de Cueller (1987), Yasser Arafat (1988), Robert Gabriel Mugabe
(1989), Helmut Kohl (1990), Aruna Asaf Ali (1991), Maurice F.Strong (1992), Aung
San Suu Kyi (1993), Mahatir bin Mohammad (1994), Hosni Mubarak (1995), Goh Chok
Tong (2003), Sultan Qaboos Bin Said al Said (2004), Wangari Muta Maathai (2005),
Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva (2006), Olafur Ragnar
Grimsson of Iceland (2007) and Dr.
(Mrs.) Angela Dorothea Merkel, Chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany
(2009). No awards were given in 1986 and during
the years 1996 to 2002.
The Jury of the Jawaharlal Nehru Award for International Understanding chaired
by Hon’ble Vice-President of India Shri Mohmmad Hamid Ansari has decided to
confer the Award for the year 2009 on Dr. (Mrs.) Angela Dorothea Merkel,
Chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany. By honouring Chancellor Markel
with the Jawaharlal Nehru Award for International Understanding for the year
2009, India recognizes her personal devotion and enormous efforts for
sustainable and equitable development, for good governance and understanding and
for the creation of a world better positioned to handle the emerging challenges
of the 21st century.
She has been sympathetic to developing countries and our own developmental
imperatives and has led the search for a balanced solution based on principles
of equity and sensitivity to the interests of the developing world.