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BHARATIYA JNANPITH AWARD

 

The Jnanpith award is given every year for the best creative writing by an Indian citizen in any of the languages included in Schedule VIII of the Indian Constitution. It is the most prestigious literary award of the country. The Award is sponsored by Bharatiya Jnanpith, a literary and cultural organisation set up in 1944, by the late Sahu Shanti Prasad Jain and his wife Rama Jain; its present president is Ashok Kumar Jain. The Jnanpith Award was instituted on May 22, 1961. The first award was given in 1965. The award carries a cash price of Rs 7 lakhs, a citation and a bronze replica of Saraswati, the Hindu goddess of knowledge, music, and arts.

Since its inception, 38 eminent writers have received the Jnanpith award in the following languages: Assamese (2), Bengali (5), Gujarati (3), Hindi (7), Kannada (7), Kashmiri (1), Konkani (1), Malayalam (5), Marathi (3), Oriya (3), Punjabi (2), Sanskrit (1), Tamil (2), Telugu (2) and Urdu (4).  On three occasions, the Award was shared by two authors.  The Award has so far been given seven times each to Kannada and Hindi writers, five times each to Bengali and Malayalam writers, four times to Urdu writers, three times each to Gujarati and Marathi writers, two times each to Assamese, Punjabi, Tamil and Telugu writers and once to Assamese, Punjabi and Tamil writers and once each to Kashmiri, Konkani and Sanskrit writers.

Eminent Malayalam litterateur ONV Kurup and noted Urdu poet Akhlaq Khan Shahryar have been chosen for the Jnanpith Award for the year 2007 and 2008 respectively for their contribution to literature. The 2009 and 2010 Awards are yet to be announced. 

Recipients of the Bharatiya Jnanpith Award
 

  • G.Shankara Kurup for his poems Odakkuzhal in Malayalam (1965)
  • Tarashankar Bandopadhyaya for the novel Ganadevta in Bengali (1966)
  • Dr K.V Puttappa for Sri Ramayana Darshanam in Kannada (1967)
  • Uma Shankar Joshi for Nishitha in Gujarati (1967)
  • Sumitra Nandan Pant for Chidambara in Hindi (1968 )
  • Firaq Gorakpuri for Gul-e-Naghma in Urdu (1969)
  • Vishwanath Satyanarayan for Ramayana Kalpavrikshamu in Telugu (1970)
  • Bishnu Dey for Smriti Satta Bhavishyat in Bengali (1971)
  • Ramdhari Singh Dinkar for Urvashi in Hindi (1972)
  • Dattatreya Ramachandran Bendre for Nakutanti in Kannada (1973)
  • Gopinath Mohanty for Mattimatal in Oriya (1973)
  • Vishnu Sakaram Khandekar for Yayati in Marathi (1974)
  • P.V Akilandam for his novel Chittirappavai in Tamil (1975)
  • Asha Purna Devi for Pratham Pratisruti, in Bengali (1976)
  • K.Shivaram Karanth for Mukajjiya Kanasugalu in Kannada (1977)
  • S.H.V.Ajneya for his novel Kitni Navon men Kitni Bar in Hindi (1978)
  • Birendra Kumar Bhattacharya for his novel Mrityunjay in Assamese (1979)
  • S.K Pottekkatt for his novel Oru Desattinte Katha in Malayalam (1980)
  • Amrita Pritam for her literary collection Kagaz te Canvas in Punjabi (1981)
  • Mahadevi Varma (Hindi) (1982)
  • Masti Venkatesh Ayengar (Kannada) (1983)
  • Takazhi Sivashankar Pillai (Malayalam) (1984)
  • Pannalal Patel (Gujarati) (1985)
  • Sachidanand Rout Roy (Oriya) (1986)
  • Vishnu Vaman Shirwadkar Kusumagraj (Marathi) (1987)
  • Dr C Narayanan Reddy (Telugu) (1988)
  • Qurratulain Hyder (Urdu) (1989)
  • V.K Gokak (Kannada) (1990)
  • Subhash Mukhopadhyay (Bengali) (1991)
  • Naresh Mehta (Hindi) (1992)
  • Sitakant Mahapatra (Oriya) (1993)
  • UR Anantha Murthy (Kannada) (1994)
  • M.T.Vasudevan Nair (Malayalam) (1995)
  • Mahesweta Devi (Bengali) (1996)
  • Ali Sardar Jafri (Urdu) (1997)
  • Girish Karnad (Kannada) (1998)
  • Nirmal Verma (Hindi) and Gurdial Singh (Punjabi)-1999.
  • G.Shankara Kurup for his poems Odakkuzhal in Malayalam (1965)
  • Tarashankar Bandopadhyaya for the novel Ganadevta in Bengali (1966)
  • Dr K.V Puttappa for Sri Ramayana Darshanam in Kannada (1967)
  • Uma Shankar Joshi for Nishitha in Gujarati (1967)
  • Sumitra Nandan Pant for Chidambara in Hindi (1968 )
  • Firaq Gorakpuri for Gul-e-Naghma in Urdu (1969)
  • Vishwanath Satyanarayan for Ramayana Kalpavrikshamu in Telugu (1970)
  • Bishnu Dey for Smriti Satta Bhavishyat in Bengali (1971)
  • Ramdhari Singh Dinkar for Urvashi in Hindi (1972)
  • Dattatreya Ramachandran Bendre for Nakutanti in Kannada (1973)
  • Gopinath Mohanty for Mattimatal in Oriya (1973)
  • Vishnu Sakaram Khandekar for Yayati in Marathi (1974)
  • P.V Akilandam for his novel Chittirappavai in Tamil (1975)
  • Asha Purna Devi for Pratham Pratisruti, in Bengali (1976)
  • K.Shivaram Karanth for Mukajjiya Kanasugalu in Kannada (1977)
  • S.H.V.Ajneya for his novel Kitni Navon men Kitni Bar in Hindi (1978)
  • Birendra Kumar Bhattacharya for his novel Mrityunjay in Assamese (1979)
  • S.K Pottekkatt for his novel Oru Desattinte Katha in Malayalam (1980)
  • Amrita Pritam for her literary collection Kagaz te Canvas in Punjabi (1981)
  • Mahadevi Varma (Hindi) (1982)
  • Masti Venkatesh Ayengar (Kannada) (1983)
  • Takazhi Sivashankar Pillai (Malayalam) (1984)
  • Pannalal Patel (Gujarati) (1985)
  • Sachidanand Rout Roy (Oriya) (1986)
  • Vishnu Vaman Shirwadkar Kusumagraj (Marathi) (1987)
  • Dr C Narayanan Reddy (Telugu) (1988)
  • Qurratulain Hyder (Urdu) (1989)
  • V.K Gokak (Kannada) (1990)
  • Subhash Mukhopadhyay (Bengali) (1991)
  • Naresh Mehta (Hindi) (1992)
  • Sitakant Mahapatra (Oriya) (1993)
  • UR Anantha Murthy (Kannada) (1994)
  • M.T.Vasudevan Nair (Malayalam) (1995)
  • Mahesweta Devi (Bengali) (1996)
  • Ali Sardar Jafri (Urdu) (1997)
  • Girish Karnad (Kannada) (1998)
  • Nirmal Verma (Hindi) (1999)
  • Gurdial Singh (Punjabi) (1999)
  • Indira Goswami  (Assamese) (2000)
  • Rajendra Keshavlal Shah (Gujarati) (2001)
  • D. Jayakanthan (Tamil) (2002)
  • Vinda Karandikar (Marathi) (2003)
  • Rahman Rahi (Kashmiri) (2004)
  • Kunwar Narayan (Hindi) (2005)
  • Ravindra Kelekar (Konkani) (2006)
  • Satya Vrat Shastri (Sanskrit) (2006)
  • O. N. V. Kurup  (Malayalam) (2007)
  • Akhlaq Mohammed Khan ‘Shahryar’ (Urdu) (2008)
  • 2009  and 2010 Awards are yet to be announced



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