tradition of decorated textiles is as rich as the woven one with a
vast range of hand block prints, tie-dyed fabrics and embroideries.
or Tie and Dye :
It is a sophisticated method of tie
and dye used for decorating the cloth. It is an ancient art practiced in many places in Gujarat,
Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan. This technique involves two stages:
tying sections of a length of cloth (silk or cotton) and then
dunking it into vats of colour. The rainbow-tinged turbans of the
Rajputs and the odhnis of women are shaded by this method of
resist dyeing. The main colours used in Bandhani are yellow,
green, red and black.
Art : It is a resist
process in which the fabric is painted with molten wax and then dyed
in cold dyes. Multi-coloured batik saris,
bed sheets are popular for their contrasting colour schemes.
is done on a large scale in Madhya Pradesh.
This art involves printing of cloth with carved wooden blocks.
Ajmer, Udaipur, Chittorgarh, Jodhpur and Bikaner in
Rajasthan are the strongholds of this craft. The floral motifs
favoured by the printers of Bagru and Sanganer are Persian in origin
and usually have a white or pale background decorated with colorful
twigs or sprays.
It is a type of weaving in which small shuttles filled
with coloured, gold or silver threads are used to produce highly
decorative material. It is done in various styles like
tircha, jhalar, panna hazara, phulwari and
It is very common in Tanda in Uttar Pradesh.
It is a complex and rather meticulous process that involves
the repeated dyeing of the warp and weft threads before the cloth is
woven. Andhra Pradesh and Orissa are major centres of
weaving in silk and cotton.
: This involves hand painting of fabrics using vegetable dyes of
deep rich shades.
motifs may range from gods and goddesses to demons, women, animals
and other forms.
fabrics are used as tapestries and as hangings in temples.
This is practiced in Kalahasti in Andhra Pradesh and in
Gujarat, Rajasthan, Orissa and West Bengal.
It is a special process of the
technique or tie-and dye in Rajasthan that creates a ripple effect.
Turbans and odhnis
generally used on festive occasions, especially the Teej. Jaipur and
Jodhpur are major centres of laharia.
The tanchoi style of weaving, which resembles fine
miniatures, owes its origin to China and is practiced mainly in
Surat in Gujarat.
saris are very popular.