boasts a luxuriant range in wood and the wood works. The Kashmiri
wooden architecture, made from walnut and deodar wood, has
flourished from the 11th century AD. The lattice-work called acche-dar
and azli pinjra and the khatamband are famous. The
Gujarat architecture is lyrical and elaborate with its projected
balconies, decorative windows and doors.
elegant tharavad homes of Kerala, corresponding to the havelis
of Gujarat, are brilliant pieces of architecture in deep brown
teakwood. Brahmour and Chatrahi in Himachal Pradesh are known for
their fine tradition of the temple wood-carving. It is done in
various styles called naghbel, dori, kutheri phool and jali.
The Bhimakali Temple of Sarahan is an excellent example of
sandalwood of Karnataka is used for carving items like statues of
gods and goddesses, utilitarian objects and sandalwood boxes. Red
sandalwood of Andhra Pradesh, known as raktachandan, is
traditionally being used to carve figures of deities and dolls.
Nirmal in the Adilabad district of Andhra Pradesh is known for its
fine woodwork using the burgu and punki types of wood. In
Uttar Pradesh wood- carving is done using different types of wood
like sisam, sal and dudhi. Kerala
also produces good beautifully carved religious figures.
It also produces elephants in variety of postures and sizes
using the kumbli wood.
are hundreds of special occasions throughout the country when
certain wooden figures are produced for rituals. The magnificent
wood sculptures of the Bhuta cult of ancestor-worship from
coastal Karnataka are carved from solid blocks of wood obtained from
the jackfruit tree. Wood carving of religious figures is common in
India. Scenes from the Epics, particularly those from the
battlefield, forest and palace, in addition to figures of deities,
are recurrent themes in wood carvings. The artisans in Uttar Pradesh
are famous for their Mughal designs such as fret work, jali
and anguri. The wood carving of the Northeastern tribes are
executed in wood, which is locally known as kumisyng. Among
the carved objects, the huge log drum is particularly noteworthy. A
partitioned stand with three legs, rice pounding tables, wooden cups
and platters, smoking pipes and musical instruments are typical Naga
woodworks. Assam is noted for its special styles and objects like
the namghar or kirtanghar (a wooden house), hukkas,
sandals and book-rests. The wood carving of the tribal areas of
Madhya Pradesh, Bihar, Orissa and Rajasthan include doors, window
frames, "marriage-litters", wedding pillars, tobacco cases
and pipes. Elaborate and extensive woodcarving can be seen on the
doors and windows of Rajasthan�s palaces and havelis.
Barmer and Jodhpur produce the finest wooden carved chairs with
woven-rope seats and exquisite jali or latticework on the
backrest. An equally charming technique is called tarkashi, which
is an amalgam of Rajput and Mughal styles and involves the laying of
fine brass or copper wire into carefully chiseled grooves. The Pali
district in Rajasthan produces thin bowls and other articles from rohida
inlay, which developed and flourished through Mughal influence
involves the placing of small parts of ivory, plastic, horn, metal
pieces or other types of wood into carved surfaces of wooden items.
This is found in various parts of the country such as Gujarat,
Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh and Delhi.
Karnataka is famous for the inlay work of rosewood. Surat in
Gujarat is famous for its framed marquetry work known as Sadeli.
Bhavnagar in Gujarat is famous for its large sized chests known as pataras.
Kerala is famous for its decorating wooden chests and boxes bound by
brass bands. Its jewel
box called netturpetty is an excellent example of this work.
The classical style of woodwork like painted cradles, boxes and ganjifa,
the traditional set of playing cards are painted with religious and
lacquer work is popular in Rajasthan, Kashmir, Karnataka and
and Kashmir are famous for their nakashi style of lacquer
work. Rajkot in
Gujarat is famous for its atashi style articles. Udaipur in
Rajasthan has a long tradition in lacquering in the zigzag and dana
techniques. Ratnagiri in Maharashtra produces lacquered
imitation fruits using hale and pangora woods. Punjab
has evolved a technique called the abri or cloud work.
In Bihar the laheri community makes beautiful
containers known as sindurdaans.
Naurangpur in Orissa is famous for its highly decorated and
brightly lacquered bamboo boxes.