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INDIAN FESTIVALS

 

JAMSHED NAVROZ - PARSI NEW YEAR  

|| Zarthost No Deeso|| || Khordad Sal|| || Pateti ||

 

The New Year for the Parsis fall on the first day or ‘Roj Hormuzd’ of the first month or ‘Mah Fravardin’ of the ‘Shehanshahi’ calendar corresponding to the year 1369. Traditionally, Navroz marks the end of winter and the beginning of a new year. It is, thus, looked upon as a day of universal dawn. On this day, hundreds of Zoroastrians pay obeisance to ‘Khorshed’ and ‘Meher Yazads’ (the two divine beings who preside over the sun), thrice during the course of the day. On the day of Jamshed Navroz or ‘Navu Sal’, it was customary for the king to be weighed in gold and silver, and the money was then distributed to the poor. People greet each other by doing the ‘Hama-zor’ (united in strength) and visit the ‘Fire Temple’.

The festival of Navroz was introduced in India by Balban and it continued to get patronage under various rulers such as Qutubuddin Aibak. The festival was discontinued by Humayun but was restored by Akbar, under whose reign it was celebrated for nine days, but again banned by Aurangzeb.

(Source: Indian Art & Culture by Dr. Ausaf Sayeed)  


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