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INDIAN LITERATURE

URDU LITERATEURS AND POETS

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Abul Kalam Azad 

Maulana Abul Kalam Azad (1888-1958), one of the prominent Indian National leaders, was an eminent Urdu writer with a philosophical bend.  <more>

Ali Sardar Jafri

Ali Sardar Jafri (b.1913) is one of the most prolific writers in Urdu. Born on November 29, 1913, in Ballarpur town of Uttar Pradesh  <more>

Faiz Ahmed Faiz

One of the foremost among the Urdu poets, Faiz Ahmed Faiz (1911-1984) is ranked next only to Ghalib, Mir, Firaq and Iqbal.  <more>

Firaq Gorakhpuri

Firaq Gorakhpuri (1896-1982), whose real name was Raghupati Sahai, was one of the major Indian poets of this century.  <more>

Ismat Chughtai

   A crusader for the rights of women and the downtrodden, Ismat Chughtai (1915-1991) was a leading fiction writer in Urdu.   <more>

Makhdoom Mohiuddin 

  Born in a village in Medak, a district of the former princely state of Hyderabad, Makhdoom Mohiuddin (1908-1969) grew up to become a poet of incredible versatility.  <more>

Mirza Ghalib 

Mirza Asadullah Khan Ghalib (1797-1869) was the greatest of all the classical Urdu poets. His Diwan-e-Ghalib (1847) is a masterpiece in Urdu literature.  <more>

Mirza Mohammad Hadi Ruswa 

One of the pioneers of modern Urdu novel, Ruswa (1858-1931) is best remembered for his Umrao Jan Ada, a novel about a courtesan living in Oudh before it was annexed by the British.  <more>

Mohammed Iqbal 

Iqbal (1877-1938) was born at Sialkot (Punjab, Pakistan) on 22nd February 1873. Iqbal obtained a Ph.D from Munich for his work on the metaphysics of Persia.  <more>

Premchand

Premchand (1880-1936) was a prolific writer, who wrote some 12 novels and 300 short stories. He tried to introduce the trend of realism in Urdu novel.  <more>

Qurratulain Hyder

   A trendsetter in Urdu fiction, Qurratulain Hyder (b.1927) tried to bring in fantasy, romance and realism in Urdu novel.  <more>

Saadat Hasan Manto 

  A member of the Progressive Writers' Movement which swept through Urdu literature from 1935 to 1960, Manto (1912-55) was a very controversial figure.  <more>  

 


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