are several kinds of folk music in Bengal, each with their own
characteristics. Some of them are sung usually by a certain
group of people. The three well-known forms of Bengali folk
music are the Baul, Bhatiyali and Baowaia.
Baul is one of the few widely known and appreciated types of
folk music in Bengal. Baul is not only merely a kind of music,
but it is basically a Bengali religious sect. The members of the
sect are themselves called Bauls, and the songs they sing are
named after them as Baulgan (Baul songs). The Baul
costume consists of a half-dhoti and an alkhalla
(saffron robes). The instruments extensively used by the Bauls
are Gopiyantro (often called "ektara"), khamak,
dotara, ghungur, nupur and duggi. Some
of the well-known exponents of Baul music include Lalon Phakir,
Naboni Das Khepa, Purno Chandra Das, Yotin Das Bau and Sonatan
Das Thakur Baul.
It is usually sung by the
(Bhaoyaiya): It is the typical folk music from
northern part of Bengal.