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Institutions and Organisations of India
All India Radio (AIR)
is a national broadcasting service planned, developed and operated
by the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting under the Government
of India. The operations of All India Radio began formally in 1936
with the objectives to inform, educate and entertain the masses. AIR
today has a network of 198 broadcasting centres with 305
transmitters, including 145 medium frequency, 55 high frequency (SW)
and 103 FM transmitters. The coverage is 90% in terms of area and
97.3% in terms of population. AIR covers 24 Languages and 146
dialects in home service and 24 Languages in External services.
The Allahabad Museum functions
under the aegis of the Department of Culture. The Government of
India declared it as an institution of national importance in 1985.
The Museum has a fabulous collection of Bharhut, Bhumara and Jamsot
sculptures and the terracotta from Kausambi, Bhita, Ihusi,
Patliputra, Sarnath, Rajghat and Ahichhatra. The Museum also has
paraphernalia of the Nehru Family, including manuscripts of An Autobiography by Jawaharlal Nehru and a large volume of
correspondence. Among the Museum collections are paintings of the
Bengal School of painters such as Abanindranath Tagore, Jatin Roy,
Nandlal Bose, Aist Kumar Haldar, Kshintindranath Mazumdar and Sudhir
Rajan Khastgir. The other important paintings are those of
Vijayavargiya. Nicholas Roerich, his son Svetoslav Roerich and
Anagarika Covinda are among the foreign painters represented in the
Museum. The Museum has introduced courses in archaeology,
conservation of museum and library materials and appreciation of
Indian art objects.
ANTHROPOLOGICAL SURVEY OF
Anthropological Survey of India was established in December 1945 as
a scientific research organisation under the Department of Culture,
Government of India.
It has its headquarters in Calcutta and regional centres at
Nagpur, Mysore, Shillong, Dehradun, Port Blair and Jagdalpur,
besides a camp office in New Delhi. It acts as a nodal organisation
of scientific research in anthropology and allied disciplines in the
country. It is responsible for conducting bio-cultural research
covering the entire gamut of human evolution in the country.
It also conducts research on biological and cultural peculiarities
of the Indian tribes.
ARCHAEOLOGICAL SURVEY OF INDIA
The Archaeological Survey of
India (ASI) functions as an attached office of the Department of
Culture, Ministry of Culture, Youth Affairs and Sports. It was
established in 1861 with the primary tasks of conservation,
preservation and maintenance of the centrally protected monuments
and sites. Its multifarious activities include inter alia:(i) maintenance, conservation and preservation of
Centrally protected monuments and sites; (ii) carrying out
archaeological explorations and excavations; (iii) chemical
preservation of monuments and antiquarian remains; (iv)
architectural survey of monuments; (v) bringing out archaeological
publications; (vi) carrying out archaeological expeditions abroad
(both excavations and conservation) and (vii) carrying out under
water archaeology. At present, the ASI has
declared 3,598 centrally protected monuments to be of national
importance, which include 16 world heritage monuments. The total
number of structures being maintained by ASI is over 5,000. The ASI
brings out publications like
Indian Archaeologyâ€” A Review, Memoirs, Excavation Reports, Guide
Books, Picture Post-Cards and brochures.
Asiatic Society, Calcutta was
founded in 1784 by the eminent Indologist Sir William Jones
(1746-1794) with the objective of inquiring into the history,
science, arts and literature of Asia. This institution has
contributed to the growth of literary and scientific activities in
the country. The Society provided the model for all other Asiatic
Societies in other parts of the world.
The Government of India declared the Society as an institution of
national importance in 1984. The Society maintains a museum, which
contains over 65,000 MSS in various languages. The Society is one of
the leading centres of Indology in the world. It has undertaken the Encyclopaedia Asiatica Project
in eight volumes.
Bharat Bhavan is an independent
trust created by the Legislature of the State of Madhya Pradesh. It
is a multi-arts complex providing interactive proximity to the
verbal, visual and performing arts. It is a place for contemporary
articulation, exploration, reflection and innovation. Bharat Bhavan
consists of: (a) Roopankar, a Museum of
Arts which houses both contemporary urban and folk and tribal art,
a professional repertory to support the theatre movement, having an
indoor theatre called Antrang and an outdoor theatre called Bahirang, (c) Vagarth, a Centre of Indian Poetry having a library of over 7000
books of poetry in 14 Indian languages and recordings and
video-cassettes of major poets, and (d) Anhad, a
Library of Classical and Folk Music.
CALICO MUSEUM OF TEXTILES
The Calico Museum of Textiles,
Ahmedabad, founded in 1949 by Gira Sarabhai, presents a collection
of rare, exquisite fabrics from different parts of India.
CENTRAL HINDI DIRECTORATE
The Central Hindi Directorate
has been set up with the objective of fulfilling the constitutional
obligations of Article 351 to develop and propagate the cause
of Hindi language all over the country and abroad. The Directorate
has schemes for the purchase, publication and free distribution of
books to non-Hindi speaking states and to the Indian Embassies and
Consulates abroad. The
Directorate brings out Hindi journals like
Bhasha, Varshiki and
CENTRE FOR CULTURAL RESOURCES
The Centre for Cultural
Resources and Training (CCRT) was set up as an autonomous
organisation by the Government of India in May 1979. The Centre is
under the administrative control of Department of Culture. It has
its headquarters in New Delhi and two regional centres at Udaipur
and Hyderabad. The broad objective of the CCRT is to link education
with culture and awaken the consciousness of the students about the
significance of culture. The CCRT conducts a variety of training
programmes for in-service teachers, which helps them in gaining a
deeper understanding of the philosophy and aesthetics of the Indian
culture and heritage. It has also organises academic programmes on
Indian art and culture for foreign teachers and students. The CCRT
implements the Cultural Talent Search Scholarship Scheme. It has
also instituted CCRT Teachersâ€™ Award, which is given every year to
selected teachers in recognition of the outstanding work done by
them in the field of education and culture.
CENTRAL INSTITUTE OF BUDDHIST
The Central Institute
of Buddhist Studies, Leh was established in 1959 to train students
in Buddhist philosophy, literature and arts. It is affiliated to
Sampurnanand Sanskrit Vishwa Vidyalaya, Varanasi.
CENTRAL INSTITUTE OF HIGHER
The Central Institute of Higher Tibetan Studies, Varanasi, which has
been given the status of 'Deemed-to-be University' from
April 1988, is an autonomous organisation fully financed by the
Government of India. It was established with the objective of the
preservation of Tibetan culture and tradition, restoration of
ancient Indian literature preserved in Tibetan languages and
providing higher education in Buddhist studies.
CENTRAL INSTITUTE OF INDIAN
The Central Institute of Indian
Languages, Mysore is primarily involved in research in the analysis,
pedagogy, technology and use of language. Its various schemes are
designed towards the development of Indian languages, including the
tribal languages and to encourage publications in Indian languages.
It has regional language centres at Bhubaneshwar, Mysore, Patiala,
Solan and Lucknow.
CENTRAL SECRETARIAT LIBRARY
The Central Secretariat
Library, originally known as Imperial Secretariat Library, was
established in 1891 and has a collection of over eight lakh volumes.
The Library provides facilities for reference and research to
Central Government offices and organisations, employees, general
readers and research scholars. It has a separate Hindi and library
language wingâ€”Tulsi Sadanâ€”at
Bhawalpur House, New Delhi and a branch library at R.K. Puram, New
Delhi. The Library is well equipped in modern gadgets, including
latest reprographic and micrographic facilities.
Hyderabad (or the Osmania Oriental Publications Bureau) was founded
in 1888 by Imadul-Mulk Sayyid Husain Bilgrami, Fazilat Jung and
Mulla Abdul Qayyum under the patronage of Mir Osman Ali Khan, the
Nizam of Hyderabad. Its
primary objective was to collect, preserve and publish rare and
hitherto unpublished works connected with Islamic learning. It has published hundreds of rare and valuable works, many of
which are in Arabic.
The Darul Musannifeen was
established in 1914 at Azamgarh in Uttar Pradesh by the celebrated
Islamic scholar Maulana Shibli Nomani as an academy for research in
Islamic studies and publication of works on Islamic learning,
history and culture. It has brought out several
noteworthy publications including the Biography of Prophet Muhammad
in six volumes. It also
publishes the popular monthly journal in Urdu called
Started at Deoband in Uttar Pradesh in 1866 by Haji Muhammad Abid
Hussain, it is one of the foremost centres of Islamic learning in
Asia. It has been
attracting students from all over the world and from within the
country. It has 13 academic departments that provide instructions in
22 disciplines like Quran and Quranic Commentary, Science of
Recitation of the Quran, Hadith, Principles of Islamic Law, Law of
Inheritance, etc. The
certificates offered by the Darul-uloom are recognised by premier
religious institutions in the Islamic world like the Al-Azhar
University of Cairo and the Madina University of Saudi Arabia. The Darul-uloom has a Governing body headed by a Sarparast or Chancellor.
The Delhi Public Library was
established in 1951 with financial and technical assistance from
UNESCO. It consists of a central library, a zonal library at Sarojini
Nagar and four branch libraries, besides 16 sub-branch libraries, a
Braille library, three sports libraries and a special outlet for the
Central Jail. The Delhi Public Library is a recipient library under
the Delivery of Books Act and has a book stock of more than 12 lakh.
The Department of Culture,
which was earlier in the Ministry of Human Resource Development, has
now been shifted to the newly created Ministry of Culture, Youth
Affairs and Sports. Set
up in 1985, the Department of Culture came into existence through
the 174th amendment of the Government of India (Allocation of
Business) Rules, 1961.
The Department plays a vital role in the preservation, promotion and
dissemination of art and culture. The major activities of the
Department of Culture include providing financial aid through
schemes and grants; boosting cultural ties with different countries
in the world through Cultural Exchange Programmes (CEPs), providing
training courses and observing centenaries and anniversaries of
great persons. The Department has two attached offices, six
subordinate offices, and 26 autonomous organisations.
DEPARTMENT OF YOUTH AFFAIRS &
The Department of Youth Affairs
and Sports was setup with the objective of developing human
potential in the field of youth and sports. The Department, through
its various programmes and schemes gives assistance, training and
awards to the organisations, sportspersons and youth to motivate
them to contribute towards national development. It is also
responsible for promoting sports and games in the country. The
Department of Youth Affairs acquired a separate identity in 1985
coinciding with the International Youth year. The Department of
Sports implements different Sports promotion schemes with the aim of
achieving excellence in sports at national and international levels.
DIRECTORATE OF FILM FESTIVALS
The Directorate of Film
Festivals is responsible for organising national and international
film festivals in India, organising film weeks in India and abroad
and participation in international film festivals.
It is also responsible for organising the national film awards
Started in 1959, Doordarshan is
India's foremost television network and one of the largest
broadcasting organisations in the world. Doordarshan operates 21
channels and has a network of 47 Programme Production Centres and
1088 transmitters. It puts out over 1,393 hours of programmes every
week. The terrestrial signals of Doordarshan can reach 87.9% of the
country's population. The Doordarshan programmes are watched by
nearly 400 million people in the country.
Started in 1948, it is a
central film-producing organisation of the government of India.
Its prime responsibilities include production and distribution of
short and documentary films. It has centres in Bangalore and
Calcutta. Some of the best documentaries produced by the Films
Division include I am Twenty,
Jai Jawan, India 67, Face to Face and
Through the Eyes of a Painter.
The Film Finance Corporation of
India was set up in 1960 by the Government of India in order to
improve the standard of Indian cinema by extending financial loans
for film production and to sponsor Film Festivals and Film Weeks.
FILM AND TELEVISION INSTITUTE
It was established in 1960 in
Pune. FTII is a member of CILCET (International Liaison Centre of
Schools of Cinema and Television)--an organization of the world's
leading schools of film and television. Its prime objective is
imparting of organised technical training in the art of film-making.
Every year, the FTII invites nationally and internationally renowned
makers as guest lecturers. The institution has churned out hundreds
of successful directors, actors, cameramen and other technicians.
Television wing of the
Institute mainly caters for the training needs of production and
technical staff of Doordarshan. Short-term TV orientation courses
are conducted for the Indian Information Service (IIS) officers and
the students of the film department. FTII enters short films by
students in various international short film festivals to give
exposure to their work.
FRENCH INSTITUTE OF INDOLOGY
Established in 1955 in
Pondicherry, it is a research centre for Indian languages and
culture. The Scientific and Technical section prepares vegetation
maps, maps of soil types, geology and lithology of India.
GANDHI SMRITI AND DARSHAN
Gandhi Smriti and Darshan
Samiti (GSDS) was set up by the Department of Culture in 1984
primarily to maintain the national memorial of Gandhiji, called
â€˜Gandhi Smritiâ€™, and the permanent photo exhibition at Rajghat
called â€˜Gandhi Darshanâ€™, created at the time of Gandhijiâ€™s birth
centenary in 1969. The institution has published a number of books
on the life and values of Gandhiji. It also organises the annual
Gandhi Memorial Lectures by eminent scholars both in India and
INDIAN COUNCIL FOR CULTURAL
The Indian Council for Cultural
Relations (ICCR) was established in 1950 as an autonomous
organisation of the Government of India.
The objectives of the Council are to (a) participate in the
formulation and implementation of policies and programmes relating
to Indiaâ€™s external cultural relations, (b) promote cultural
exchange with other countries and peoples, (c) promote and
strengthen cultural relations and mutual understanding between India
and other countries and (d) establish and develop relations with
national and international organisations in the field of culture.
ICCR arranges for
exchange of visits by scholars, academicians, opinion-makers,
artists and writers as well as visits by performing arts groups and
exhibitions. ICCR also administers
scholarship schemes for foreign students for studies in India;
organises the Maulana Azad Memorial Lecture; conducts the Maulana
Azad Essay Competition and administers the Jawaharlal Nehru Award
for International Understanding.
The President of the
ICCR is the Vice-President of India.
ICCR currently has two Vice-Presidents and a Director-General.
ICCR has its Headquarters in Azad Bhavan, New Delhi and has regional
offices in Bangalore, Calcutta, Chandigarh, Chennai, Hyderabad,
Lucknow, Mumbai and Thiruvanthapuram. The Council has established
Indian Cultural Centres abroad in Almaty, Berlin, Cairo, Colombo,
Durban, Georgetown, Jakarta, Johannesburg, London, Moscow,
Paramaribo, Port Louis, Port of Spain and Tashkent.
INDIAN COUNCIL OF HISTORICAL RESEARCH
The Indian Council of Historical Research (ICHR) was set up in 1972
under the Ministry of Human Resource Development (HRD), with
headquarters at New Delhi. The Council formulates and
implements a national policy on historical research and encourages
scientific writing of history through its research projects,
seminars, publications and grants and schemes. The ICHR has so far
awarded 1,822 fellowships and 2,291 study-cum-travel grants.
INDIAN INSTITUTE OF ISLAMIC STUDIES
The Indian Institute of Islamic
Studies was started in 1964 at New Delhi by the efforts of Hakim
Abdul Hamid, Chairman of the Hamdard National Foundation. It is the largest Islamic
Institute in India. Its primary objective is to
foster the study of Islamic culture and civilisation and to provide
facilities for research in the impact of Islam on India and India's
contribution to Islamic studies.
Founded in 1814 by the Asiatic
Society, it is the oldest and largest institution of its kind in the
country. It houses unique treasures of Indian and foreign art
representing centuries of cultural ethos and traditions. The Museum
has a vast repository of paintings, sculptures, bronzes, metals,
coins, textiles and decorative art. Its Mineralogy gallery has a
very extensive collection of minerals from all parts of India.
The Numismatic gallery displays punch-marked coins from 5 BC to 2
AD, besides gold coins of the Gupta period and the Arab and Greek
INDIRA GANDHI NATIONAL
CENTRE FOR THE ARTS
The Indira Gandhi National
Centre for the Arts (IGNCA) was established as an autonomous Trust
in memory of Smt Indira Gandhi, former Prime Minister. It is conceptualised as a centre
devoted to the study and experience of all the art forms. It seeks
to place the arts within the context of the natural environment
through diverse programme of research, publication, training,
creative activities and performance. The Centre is implementing the
project of strengthening the national facility for inter-active
multi-media documentation of cultural resources with UNDP
The institute has five divisions that
are autonomous in structure but interlocked in programming. The Kalanidhi is a major repository of reference material relating to
humanities and the arts and has an outstanding reference library and
cultural archives with access to multimedia databases and
information systems. The Kala Kosa is division that
deals with research work on and publications of works on art and
related subjects. The Janapada Sampada undertakes to
build a core collection of material and documentation on folk and
tribal arts and crafts. The lifestyle studies are the main
programmes of the Janapada Sampada division. It consists of Loka Parampara, which revolves
around a community, and the Ksetra Sampada, which revolves around the region. The
Kala Darsana aims to provide a forum for interdisciplinary
seminars, exhibitions and performances on unified themes and
concepts. It provides the venue and forum for facilitating a
creative dialogue amongst cultures, disciplines, levels of society
and diverse arts.
The Sutradhara gives
administrative, managerial and organisational support to all the
other division. It is the nodal administrative division that serves
as central coordinator of programmes.
INDIRA GANDHI NATIONAL OPEN
Indira Gandhi National Open
University was established in 1985 to provide cost-effective,
quality education to large sections of population, particularly to
the disadvantaged segments of the society, including those living in
remote and far-flung areas. The University has been a pioneer in
Distance Education and is the recipient of the centre of Excellence
in Distance Education award conferred by the Commonwealth of
Learning in 1993. IGNOU has on its rolls over 600,000 students from
different parts of the country. The University has a network of 26
Regional Centres (5 of which are army command centres) and 504 Study
Centres. IGNOU develops and produces courses for delivery through
open learning and distance education mode and awards Certificates,
Diplomas and Degrees. IGNOU introduced its programmes in 1987 and
has so far launched 47 programmes consisting of 553 courses. IGNOU
is also actively involved in research, training and extension
education activities. IGNOU has also constituted the Distance
Education Council through which it provides expertise and assistance
to other Open and Distance Learning Institutions in the country.