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INDIAN PAINTING

 

RAJPUT PAINTING

 

The Rajput paintings flourished under the patronage of the Hindu Rajput rulers of Rajputana and Punjab Himalayas during the period 1500 AD to the middle of the 19th century. To a Kishangarh Painting considerable extent the Rajput paintings were the contemporaries of theRajput Painting Mughal paintings.  Rajput painting was initially known for its use of a limited range of color, shallow space, decorative brilliance and mythic subject matter. Later, the Mughal influences were absorbed into Rajput art in varying degrees, due to changes in the patronage, the movement of artists and political factors.

 The Rajput paintings can be put under two broad groups: the Rajasthani style and the Pahari style. Rajasthani paintings are those works that have been executed in Rajputana, from Bikaner to the border of Gujarat and from Jodhpur to Gwalior and Ujjain. The themes of the paintings were mostly religious and love subjects, based on Lord Rama and Lord Krishna. Court scenes were depicted as also royal portraits. Bold outlines and brilliant colours are characteristic of the Rajasthani paintings. The romance of Padmavati, penned by the poet Malik Muhammad Jaisi, provided a common theme to the Rajput paintings.  Under Raj Singh (1652-1681 AD), illustrations of Mahabharata, Chand Bardai's Prihviraj Raso, Bana Bhatta's Kadambari and the Panchatantra were painted.  In Mewar, the Geet Govinda and the Sundar Sringara were executed in the first quarter of the 18th century. The Rajput painting developed individual styles in Bundi, Kota, Jaipur, Jodhpur and Kishangarh.  



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