Home >> Places
and Monuments of India
& MONUMENTS OF INDIA
Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh. Built in 1870 by Nawab
Vikar-Ul-Ulmara, the Prime Minister of Hyderabad at a cost of Rs 40
lakhs, it is a stupendous palace which has a library, a picture
gallery, and a luxurious reception hall with cabinets containing
diamond, crystal and emerald objects. The palace was constructed
over a period of seven years and it covers a total area of 9,39,712
square meters. The Falaknuma palace is a rare blend of Italian and
Tudor architecture. The Falaknuma also includes the largest Venetian
Haryana. It is believed that Faridabad was founded by
Emperor Jahangir�s treasurer Shaikh Farid in 1607 AD. The place is
famous for the tomb of the Sufi saint Baba Farid, Badkhal lake and
Suraj Kund, which provides the venue for the famous Crafts Mela.
is famous for the Orchid Sanctuary, Enchey, Rumtek, Phodong, Labrong
and Permayangtse monasteries, the Institute of Tibetology (built in
1958 by the last Chogyal of Sikkim), the Dodrul Chorten Stupa (built
by the head of the Nyingma Order, Trulsi Rimpoche), Jhang Chub
Chorten and Sangsor Chos-Tsog Centre. The Enchey Monastery is some
two hundred years old. The famous Tantric lama, Druptab Karpa, was
associated with this holy shrine.
Gaya: Bihar. Located about 13 km from Bodhgaya, Gaya is a very
sacred pilgrim centre for Hindus and is the site of the Vishnupada
temple on the bank of river Falgu. The complex was entirely rebuilt
in 1787 AD by Rani Ahalya Bai of Indore.
Goa: The state of Goa is famous for
Agonda, Anjuna, Arambol, Benaulim, Calangute, Colva, Dona
Paula,Fatrade, Harmal, Majorda, Miramar, Mobor, Palolem and Vagator
beaches; Basilica of
Bom Jesus, Se Cathedral churches (1631); Church of St. Francis
of Assissi, St. Cajetan Church (built on the lines of St. Peter�s
Basilica in the Vatican), Nunnery of Santa Monica, St. Augustine
Tower, Viceroy's Arc; Church of St. Alex Curtorim; Reis Magos
Church; the Church of Mae de Deus at Saligao (Bardez), the Church of
St. Ana at Talaulim Ilhas, Rachol Seminary and the Church of Our
Lady of Rosary; Shri Shantadurga temple (at Kavlem, Kunkoliemkarin
and Dhargal); Shri Mangeshi temple in Ponda; Shri Bhagavati Temple (Pernem),
Rudreshwar Temple at Harvalem, Shri Mahadeo Bhumika temple at Sal,
Bicholim, Morjaee Temple at Morjim, Shri Bhagavati Temple at Parshem,
Brahma Temple, Bhagvati Temple at Mandrem, Shri Vithal Mandir, Shri
Sharvani, Shri Saunsthan Gokarn Partagali Jeevotam Math and Shri
Saunsthan Goudpadachrya Kavle Math; Safa Shahouri Masjid at Ponda
(built by Ibrahim Adilshah of Bijapur in 1516 AD), Jama Masjid at
Sanguem; Bhagvan Mahavir Wildlife Sanctuary, Bondla Forest, Cotigao
Wildlife Sanctuary, Dr Salim Ali Bird Sanctuary, Choden and Molem
sanctuaries; St.Jerome's Church at Mapusa; Statue of Abbe Faria at
Panaji; Church of St. Andrew at
Vasco-da-Gama, Church of the Holy Spirit
at Margao; Aguada, Terekhol, Chapora and Cabo de Rama Forts;
Dudhsagar and Harvalem Waterfalls; Museum of Christian Art at
Rachol; Mayem Lake Resort and Kesarval Spring.
Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh. Built by Mohammed Quli Qutb Shah in 1525,
the Golconda Fort epitomises the opulent nawabi culture of
the time. The impregnable fort was cradled by many dynasties and it
was of strategic importance to most of the rulers. In 1518, when the
Qutb Shahi dynasty was found, Golconda was made its capital. By the
17th century, Golconda became famous as a Diamond Market and gave
the world some of the best known diamonds, including the 'Kohinoor'.
Jammu & Kashmir. It is a beautiful hill-station
located about 53 km from Srinagar.
It is famous for the Gondola Project and the world's highest
green golf course. In
January 1998, it played host to the First Indian National Winter
Games. This was a favourite retreat of Emperor Jehangir.
Haryana. Gurgaon, originally named as 'Guru Gram', is
believed to be the place where Dronacharya taught archery to the
Pandavas. The Sheesh Mahal in Farukhnagar (built by Fauzdar Khan in
1733 AD), Ghaus Ali Shah�s shrine, the Delhi Gate, Sultanpur bird sanctuary and Damdama are some well-known
places in Gurgaon.
Assam. Situated on the banks of river Brahmaputra, Guwahati is
said to be the legendary Pragjyotishpur or 'City of Eastern
Light'. It is renowned for the Kamakhya Temple, the Navagraha
temple, Gandhi Mandap, Sukreswar Temple, Geeta Mandir, Madan-Kamdev
Temple and Saraighat Bridge.
Pradesh. Gwalior has a very ancient history and was once the seat of
reigning dynasties like the Pratiharas, Kachwahas and Tomars.
It is renowned for several important monuments like the Gwalior
Fort (built by Raja Mansingh Tomar in 15th century); the 14th
century Gujari Mahal, which is a monument of the love between
Raja Mansingh and his Gujar queen, Mrignayani; Jai Vilas Palace
and Museum; Man Mandir Palace, built between 1486 and 1517 by
Raja Mansingh; Suraj Kund; Teli Ka Mandir; Johar
pond (the site where the Rajput women committed mass 'Sati'), Sas-Bahu
Mandir (11th century Pratihara Vishnu Temple); Tansen's tomb,
Ghaus Mohammed's tomb, Gurudwara Pata Bandi Chhod and Vivaswan
(Sun) Temple at Morar. Among the other places of interest are
memorials to freedom fighters - Tatya Tope and Rani of Jhansi.
Assam. This place,
25 km west of Guwahati, is the site of the Pua-Mecca mosque,
established by an Iraqi prince-turned-preacher, who travelled all
the way to Assam in the 12th century to spread the Prophet's
teachings. Hajo is a sacred place for Hindus, Muslims and Buddhists.
The town is also famous for the Hayagriba Madhava Temple.
great city of Dwarasamudra flourished as a Capital of the Hoysala
Empire during the 12th and 13th centuries. Halebid
is famous for the star-like Hoysala temples.
Each temple consists of two temples exactly of the same
dimensions, built side by side.
The Hoysaleshvara Temple is the most famous of the Halebid
Karnataka. Hampi is famous for the ruins of the Vijayanagar
Empire. The 16th Century Vithaldeo Temple built by
Krishnadeva Raya; 'Purandaradasa Mandapa'; Achyutaraya Temple and
the Hazara-Ramaswamy Temple are the important monuments of Hampi.
Uttaranchal. It is 1951metre tall religious place located in
Nainital in Uttar Pradesh built by the famous saint Neem Karauli
Baba. It houses a
12 ft tall image of the deity Hanuman.
Uttaranchal. It is a famous pilgrimage centre known for its various ghats
like the Har-ki-Pauri (Brahmakund) for bathing into the waters of
the Holy Ganga. There are several important temples in Haridwar that
include Mayadevi Temple, Mansa Devi Temple, Gorakhnath Temple,
Chandi Ghat Temples, Kankhal Temples and Bharat Mata Temple. Its
important ashrams include Saptarishi Ashram, Hariharanand Ashram,
Parmarth Ashram and Manavkalyan Ashram.
Har Mandir: Patna, Bihar. Built by
Maharaja Ranjit Singh, a ruler of Punjab, it is one of the holiest
Sikh shrines, being the birthplace of the tenth religious Guru of
the Sikhs, Guru Gobind Singh.
The town of
Hassan was founded in the
11th century by Channa Krishnappa Naik. The place is
called Hassan after the Goddess "Hasanamba", the smiling
Goddess, who is the presiding deity of the town. The Hasanamba
temple is the venue for a big annual fair in the month of October.
town was one of the prime centres of Harrappan culture, as three
mounds from the Harappan period were discovered at Banawali, Kunal
and Agroha. The area has been associated with ancient Vedic tribes
such as Bharatas, Purus, Kurus, Mujavatas and Mahavrishas.
The places of interest in Hissar include Feroze Shah�s
palace, his fort called Hissar-e-Firoza and the Lat ki
Masjid built by him; Humayun�s mosque at Fatehabad; the Jahaz
Kothi; the Gujri Mahal and Pranpir Badshah�s tomb.
are beautiful hills located near Tirupati, which are named after
W.D.Horsley, who was the Collector of Cuddapah during the British
New Delhi. The Humayun's tomb was constructed by Hamida Banu (Bega
Begum), wife of Humayun, in 1565 AD. Legend has it that the design
of the Taj Mahal was modelled on this tomb.
Delhi. This is located in the Qutub Minar complex and was
built in 1235 AD.
Manipur. Imphal is the capital of Manipur.
Important places in Imphal are Shri Govindajee Temple, in
which the shrines of Krishna and Balram and Jagannath flank the two
sides of the presiding deity, Vishnu; Khwairamband Bazar or Ima
Market (a unique all-women's market), Shaheed Minar, War Cemetery
and Khomghampat Orchidarium. Andro
is an ancient Scheduled Caste village, located about
27 km from Imphal.
India Gate: New Delhi. India Gate,
designed by Lutyens, is the famous war memorial, which commemorates
the thousands of soldiers who died in the First World War.
Under its 43 m high arch lies the Amar Jawan Jyoti,
commemorating the Indian armed forces losses in the India-Pakistan
War of 1971.
Indore: Madhya Pradesh. The
city of Indore was planned and built by Rani Ahilya Bai, the brave
Holkar queen. It was once the summer capital of the Scindia rulers
of Gwalior. Indore is famous for the Lal Baag Palace; Bada Ganpati, which
is a temple housing a 25 ft. high idol of Lord Ganesha; Kanch
Mandir (a Jain temple); the Town Hall or Mahatma Gandhi Hall;
Geeta Bhavan; Rajwada, which is a 200 year-old, historic
palace of Holkars; Chhatris and the 21-ft. statue of Lord
Gomateshwar, built as a replica of the Bahubali statue of