about 40km from the Almora district, it consists of a complex of 124
temples. Some consider
Jageshwar as the site of the 'Jyotirlinga'.
Rajasthan. Jaipur, known as 'Pink City', is named after its
founder Maharaja Jai Singh II (1693-1743), who ruled Jaipur from
1727-1793 AD. Jaipur was earlier part of the Dhunder region, which
had its capital at Amber. Jaipur is famous for the City Palace;
Jantar Mantar (largest
of Jai Singh's five observatories);
Hawa Mahal (built in 1799 by Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh);
Govind Devji Temple; Sisodia
Rani Palace; the Sisodia Rani Ka Bagh;
Swargasuli or Isar Lat (a very high tower built by Sawai
Ishwari Singh in 1749AD); Ram Niwas Bagh (built by Sawai Ram Singh
II in 1868 AD); the Albert Hall
(designed by Sir Swinton Jacob); Galtaji (an ancient pilgrimage centre); the temple of the Sun god,
built by Diwan Kriparam; the
Jain Temple; Moti
Doongri and Lakshmi Narayan Temples;
Jal Mahal located at the centre of the Man Sagar Lake (built by
Sawai Jai Singh I) , the Kanak Vrindavan Complex of temples and
gardens; Ghat ki Guni ; Vidyadhar-ka-Bagh; Amer (former capital of the
Kachhwaha rulers); Amer
Palace, Shila Mata
Temple; Mohan Bari or Kesar Kyari; Maotha Lake; Dilaram Bagh; Jagat
Shiromani Temple; Panna Mian-ka-kund; Jaigarh ; Nahargarh ; the Jain
temples at Sanganer ; Ramgarh
Lake; Samode Palace and Bairath (a historical place with the
excavated remains of a circular Buddhist temple).
'Golden City' of Jaisalmer was founded in 1156 AD by a Bhatti Rajput
prince Rawal Jaisal. The Jaisalmer Fort with its four gateways-
Akhaiya Pol, Ganesh Pol, Suraj Pol and Hava Pol; Manak
Chowk and Havelis; Gadsisar
Lake; Tazia Tower; the
19th century Nathmalji-ki-Haveli;
Patwon-ki-Haveli; Salim Singh-ki-Haveli and the exquisitely
carved Jain Temples dedicated to the Jain Tirthankaras - Rishabdev,
Sambhavnath and Parswanath are some of the important places in
Punjab. Jallandhar is known as the 'Sports City of India'. It
is famous for the Sodal temple, the mausoleum of Imam Nasir,
Phillaur Fort and the Gurudwara at Kartarpur built by Guru Arjan Dev
in 1656 AD.
Delhi. Jama masjid is the biggest mosque in India. It was begun by
Shah Jahan in 1650 and completed six years later at a total cost of
about a million rupees.
Jantar Mantar: New Delhi. This is one
of the five astronomical laboratories built by Raja Sawai Man Singh.
The other four observatories are located at Jaipur, Ujjain,
Varanasi and Mathura (now in ruins). The Bhairoji Temple is located near the Jantar Mantar at New
Bihar. Located about 220 km southeast of Patna,
Jasidih attracts travellers due to the international
popularity of the ascetic Swami Satyananda and his Rikhya Yoga
Uttar Pradesh. The town, situated at the right bank of
river Gomti, was founded by Firoz Shah Tughlaq and named in the
honour of Muhammad Tughlaq (Juna Khan).
Under the Sharqi dynasty it became a great centre of art and
culture. The town is
famous for the Atala Masjid built in 1378 AD.
district of Jodhpur was known as the ancient kingdom
of Marwar or the 'Land of Death'. It was the largest kingdom in
Rajputana and the third largest of the Indian Kingdoms, after
Kashmir and Hyderabad. Meharangarh Fort, Moti Mahal, the Phool Mahal,
the Sheesh Mahal, the Sileh Khana , Daulat Khana, Jaswant Thada
(built in 1899 of Maharaja Jaswant Singh II), Umaid Bhawan
Palace, Girdikot and Sardar Market, Balsamand Lake, Mandore, Mahamandir Temple (built
in 1812), Dhawa wildlife sanctuary, Nagaur Fort, Badal Mahal, Sheesh
Mahal and Hadi Rani Mahal at Nagaur and the Luni Fort are some of
the interesting places in and around Jodhpur.
Maharashtra. Located in the western suburbs of Mumbai, it is second
largest known cave after the Kailasa cave in Ellora and houses a
Brahmanical temple dating back to the 6th century AD.
Haryana. Kaithal was an important town
during Akbar�s time. It
was earlier known as Kapisthala, or 'Abode of Monkeys' and is
considered as the birthplace of Hanuman. A temple in memory of
Hanuman�s mother, Anjana, is built here. There is also a tomb
dedicated to Razia Sultana. The
Phelgu and the Pundri tanks are considered as sacred.
Some of the important temples in Kaithal are the Saraswati
temple, Kapil Muni temples and Baba Narayan Das temple. The place is
also renowned for Trori Sarai, Church of Ascension and
Bidkiyar and Chakravarty Lakes.
in the Chittoor district on the banks of river Swarnamukhi,
Kalahasti is one of the important ancient Shiva Kshetras of Southern
India. The temple, built in the period of Krishnadevaraya, occupies
the area between the river-bank and the floor of the hills popularly
known a Dakshina Kailasam. A huge hundred-pillared Mantapam
is an important feature of this shrine. Lord Shiva is worshipped
here in the form of Vayu Linga.
Rajasthan. It is the site where extensive remains of the pre-Harappan
and Harappan times have been found.
It is a beautiful hill resort in the Darjeeling
district, well known for its handicrafts, especially weaving. It is
also famous for its flowers and nurseries.
Some important places in Kalimpong include Dr Graham's Homes
(started in 1900 by a Scottish missionary, Dr John Anderson Graham),
Tharpa Choling Monastery (founded in 1937, it belongs to the Gelugpa
Sect of the Dalai Lama), Thongsa Monastery or Bhutan Monastery
(founded in 1692, it is the oldest monastery in the area), Mangal
Dham (a temple dedicated to Lord Krishna), Lava, Lolay Gaon, Pedong
Monastery (established in 1837) and Teesta Bazaar.
Tamil Nadu. Tamil Nadu. Kanchipuram,
often referred as the "Golden City of Tamil Nadu", was the
capital of the Early Cholas as far back as the 2nd century BC and a
Pallava capital between the 6th and 8th centuries. It was an important place of pilgrimage for Buddhists, Jains
and Hindus and is popularly referred as 'Kashi of the South'
because of its numerous temples. The city is the seat of Adi
Shankaracharya's Kamakoti Matha. Of its many temples, the
Kailashnath Temple (built by Narasimha II in 700 AD), Vaikunta
Perumal Temple (the 8th century temple built by Nandivarma Pallava),
Varadaraja Temple, Ekambareshwara Temple, Kalyana Mandapam and
Kamakashi Temple are the most renowned. The Vedanthangal
Bird Santuary near Kanchipuram is famous for its
migratory birds. Kanchipuram is also the birthplace of Dr. C.N.
Himachal Pradesh. Once the capital of the powerful hill state of
Kangra, it is the
home of the exquisite Pahari or Kangra miniature paintings. The
Kangra Fort is the remnant of the once-impregnable Nagarkot,
which the historians believe was built by the Trigarta rulers. The
other important places near Kangra include Nadaun (a former capital
of King Sansar Chand), the Brajeshwari Devi Temple, Baijnath temple,
the Chamunda-Nandikeshwar dham and Jwalamukhi (one of
the 51 Shakti Peeths).
Kanha: Madhya Pradesh.
Kanha is famous for sal and bamboo forests and the rolling
grasslands, which houses the Kanha National park and the Kanha Tiger
Reserve. Rudyard Kipling wrote extensively about the Kanha forest in
his Jungle Book.
Maharashtra. Excavated between the 1st and 2nd
centuries, the Kanheri caves contain illustrations from Hinayana and
Mahayana Buddhism and shows carvings dating back to 200 BC.
Uttar Pradesh. It is famous for the Jalmau (which has the
Siddhnath and Siddha Devi Temples and mausoleum of Makhdum Shah Ala-ul-Haq),
Jain Glass Temple and Bibighar (Nana Rao Park).
Tamil Nadu. Kanyakumari (Cape Comorin) is the
southernmost point of Peninsular India. It is the meeting point of
the Bay of Bengal, the Arabian Sea and the Indian Ocean. It is an
important pilgrim centre renowned for the Kumariamman
(Kanyakumari) Temple, Guganathaswamy
Temple (the 1000 year old temple built by Raja Raja
Chola), Gandhi Memorial, Vivekananda Rock Memorial and Sripada
Parai. The beautiful views of sunrise, sunset
and moonrise over the waters are major attractions for the visitors.
Jammu & Kashmir. Site of the recent incursion of
Pakistani-backed infiltrators, Kargil is famous as a tourist centre
for the Suru Valley, Sankhoo, Panikhar, Parkachik &Tangole
villages, the Buddhist settlement of Rangdum and the rock-carvings
at Mulbek and Fekar.
Karaikal is located on the Coromandel Coast of the Bay of Bengal.
Karaikal is renowned for its only temple Dharbaranyeswarar
Temple at Thirunallar, which is devoted to the Lord Saneeswara (Lord
Saturn). More than two thousand pilgrims visit this temple everyday.
Every third year a "mini Kumbh Mela" of sorts named Sani
Peyarchi Festival attracts lakhs of pilgrims. Two other famous
shrines, Our Lady of Health Church at Velankanni and
Nagore Andavar Dargah are located nearby Karaikal. The
well-preserved Danish Fort at Tranquar (Dansborg) or Tranquebar Fort
or Tharangampadi Kottai is also located about 8 kms from here.
Karkala: Karnataka. Located 52 km
from Mangalore in Karnataka, Karkala is famous for the 42 feet high
monolithic statue of Lord Bahubali (Gomateshwara). It is the
second biggest statue of Gomateshwara after the 58-feet statue at
Sravanabelgola. The Bahubali statue, which is made of grey
granite, was consecrated on February 13, 1432 at the instance of
Virpandya Bairasa Wodeyar, a vassal of the Vijayanagar ruler.
The last mahamastakabhisheka was held on February 14,
2002. Previously, the mahamastakabhisheka had taken
place in 1990, after a gap of 28 years since 1962. At Karkala,
there are three life-size statues of three tirthankaras,
small idols of 24 tirthankaras and an idol of Padmavathi yakshi.
Maharashtra. About 50-60 kms away from Pune, these are rock-cut
Buddhist caves dating back to the 160 BC. The caves consist of
several viharas and chaityas.
Haryana. As per the Hindu mythology, Karnal is considered as a town
founded by the Kauravas for Karna.
Places of interest in Karnal include the Kala Amb memorial
(an obelisk commemorating the third battle of Panipat);
Kalandar Shah�s tomb;
Kos Minar; Trori Sarai fort; Babur�s Masjid and the two
ancient inscribed red pillars at Amin and Bahlolpur.
Katchal Island, also known as �the Sunrise Island�, is
a tiny island in the central group of Nicobar Islands.
It lies west to Kamorta and Nancowry Island and south to
Teressa Island. Its
native name is Tihnyu. It began to attract international
tourists after the Royal Greenwich Observatory revealed that it is
this island that is going to witness the first rays of the
millennium year 2000. Katchal is the largest island of the Central
Group of Nicobar Islands.
Uttar Pradesh. Ancient
city on the banks of river Yamuna in modern Allahabad in Uttar
Pradesh, famous for the Kausambi Pillar depicting the
conquests of Samudra Gupta. During the Gupta rule a new school of art flourished here.
National Park lies on the south bank of the Brahmaputra and its
boundary for the most part follows the Mora Diphlu River. The Park
was first established in 1908, as a reserve forest with only about a
dozen rhinos and was declared a National Park in 1974. Kaziranga is
famous for the great One-Horned Rhinos.
Khajjiar: Himachal Pradesh.
Often called 'India's Switzerland', Khajjiar is a huge saucer-shaped
ball of emerald turfed meadows surrounded by gigantic deodar trees.
The Golden Devi Temple is the attraction of Khajjiar.
The city of Khajuraho is the legacy of the Chandella Dynasty,
whose rulers built exotic temples in the short span of a hundred
years from 950-1050 AD. Of the 85 original temples, only 22 have
survived till today. Khajuraho finds a mention in the travelogues of
Alberuni and Ibn
Khajuraho temples are grouped in three geographical divisions: the
Western Group, consisting of the Kendriya Mahadev Temple, Chausath
Yogini Temple, Chitragupta Temple, Vishwanath Temple, Lakshmana
Temple and Matangeshwar Temple; the Eastern Group consisting of
Parshwanath Temple, Ghantai Temple and Adinath Temple and the
Southern Group consisting of Duladeo Temple and the Chaturbhuj
Temple. The Chausath Yogini (sixty four yogis) temple is the
oldest of all the temples and was built around 935AD. The Kendriya
Mahadev Temple is the largest and the loftiest monument of
Khajuraho and has the best artistry among the temples in this town.
The Chitragupta Temple is the only sun temple at Khajuraho and was
built by the Chandela Rulers. Khajuraho is a World Heritage site.
These temples celebrated their 1000 years of creation in the new
Khirki Masjid: This monument is located
in Malviya Nagar in New Delhi. This mosque and the 'Kalan Masjid' of Nizamuddin are the only
two covered mosques in North India.
It was built in 1380 AD by Khan-i-Jahan Junan Shah, the Prime
Minister of Firoz Shah Tughlaq.
It has beautiful stone lattice windows which are perforated
for light and ventilation to the upper storey.
The upper storey has a pillared courtyard that is divided
into 25 squares and then each square is subdivided into nine small
Himachal Pradesh. Kinnaur is a breathtakingly scenic valley. The
Kinner-Kailash massif, considered as the abode of Lord Shiva,
dominates the valley. The Lotsabaage monastery, Tashigang Gompa and
the Tilasangh monastery are sacred Buddhist places in Kinnaur.
Rajasthan. Kishangarh is home of India's most famous
schools of miniature paintings. The place is also famous for the
Roopangarh fort and palace.
This is a charming hill station located on the upper Palani Hills
near Madurai. Important places of tourist attraction include the
Kodaikanal Lake, Coaker's Walk, Fairy Falls, Kurinji Andavar Temple,
Shenbaganur Museum, Pilar Rocks, Green Valley View, Silver Cascade,
Dophin's Nose, Perumal Peak, Beryam Lake and Kukkal Caves. The
temple at Palani, located about 62 kms from Kodaikannal, is
considered as one of the six abodes of Lord Subramanya.
Nagaland. It is the state capital situated at an
altitude of 1444.12 metres above sea level. Kohima village (Bare
Basti) is one of the biggest and most populous villages in Asia.
Khonoma, located about 20 Km towards the west of Kohima, is
noted for the Khonoma gate, which narrates the story of the British
infiltration into Naga Hills. It is also famous for its World War II
Memorial, where the longest pitched battle of Second World War was
fought, checking the advance of Japanese forces. Japfu Peak, Dzukou,
Dzulakie,Tseminyu, Shilloi or Lachem Lake
and the Intaki Wildlife Sanctuary are important tourist places in
Kolkata: See Calcutta.
Rajasthan. Kota was earlier part of the Hada state of
Bundi but became a separate state in 1624. The Kota Palace
and Fort; Chambal Garden; Maharao Madho Singh Museum; the
Brijvilas Palace; Jal
Mandir and the Haveli of Deaji are some of the important places in
Kota. Bairdoli, located
about 48 km from Kota is the oldest and the most
beautiful temple complex of Rajasthan dating back to the 9th century
Kerala. It is famous for the Arya Vaidyashala, which is well known
for its special Ayurvedic treatment and massages.
Kerala. It is famous for the Thirunakkara Shiva Temple, St. Mary's
Church at Valiapally (built in 1515, it is famous for the Persian
Cross and Phalvi inscriptions), St. Mary's Church at Cheriyapally
Pradesh. The picturesque Kulu Valley is
often described as the 'Valley of the Gods'.
It is famous for the Vaishno Devi temple, the Jagannathi Devi
temple, Bijli Mahadeo Temple, the Basheshwar Mahadev temple, Lord
Parshuram Temple, Ambika Temple at Nirmand and the Raghunath Temple.
The Dussehra festival is celebrated with great fervour here
as the Kulu Dussehra
Kumrahar: Bihar. It is the site
of the ancient city of Pataliputra, where excavations have revealed
relics of four continuous periods from 600 BC to 600 AD.
An important find is the huge 80-pillared hall of the Mauryan
Haryana. It is considered as the site of the Mahabharata war and the
place where Lord Krishna delivered the meaning of Bhagwad Gita to
Arjuna. The main places of importance at Kurukshetra are Brahma
Sarowar, Jyotisar, Thaneshwar, Mahadev Temple and Birla Gita Mandir.
Uttar Pradesh. This place, which is located in the
Deoria district, is revered as the site of the Buddha's Mahaparinirvana,
his death (483 BC) and cremation that marked his final liberation
from the cycles of death and rebirth.
The 6m statue of dying Buddha here dates back to the 5th
century AD. Kushinagar is home to many viharas, including a
Tibetan gompa devoted to Sakyamuni, a Burmese vihara,
and temples from China and Japan.
The Nirvana Temple (stupa), which dates
back to the reign of Kumaragupta I (413-55AD), is renowned for the
giant statue of the Buddha in a reclining position. The Burmese
Buddhists extensively rebuilt the temple in 1927. The Rambhar Stupa is believed to be the place where
Buddha was created by the Mallas. The Muktabandhana stupa is said to
have been built to preserve the Buddha's relics.
The Nirvana temple enshrines a colossal reclining statue of
the Buddha. Other important places in Kushinagar include the 10th
century Mata Kaur Shrine and the Japanese Temple built by the World
Buddhist Cultural Association.
Jammu & Kashmir. It has two administrative districts
called Kargil and Ladakh. It
is famous for the Hemis Gumpa, the biggest monastery in
Ladakh, Thikse monastery and the Jokhang Temple.
Lahaul & Spiti: Himachal
Pradesh. The Lahaul and Spiti Valleys have some of the important
Monasteries in India. Khoksar, Keylong, Gramphu, Tandi, Udaipur,
Lake Chandratal, Lake Surajtal, Bara Lacha Pass, Khardang
Monastery, Bara Shingri Glacier and Sarchu
are important places in the Lahaul valley.
The Spiti Valley is called 'Little Tibet'.
Kaza, Kibber, Sumdo, Tabo Monastery (the oldest and archaeologically the
most important monastery of Spiti),
Valley, Kunzam Pass,
Kali Devi (Kunzam Devi) Temple and the Mrikula Devi Temple are
important places in Spiti.
Lashkar City: Madhya Pradesh.
It is the mural site in Gwalior.
The monuments of Lashkar city include Kampur Kothi,
Koteshwar temple, Danawari Jain Temple and Jankoji Rao's
Pradesh. This place is famous for its
16th Century Leepakshi Temple housing the largest Nandi
in India and has 66 sculptured pillars. It is considered as
one of the finest temples of Andhra Pradesh in architecture and
painting and is known for its elaborate murals and exquisite stone
carvings. The small Veerabhadra temple at Lepakshi, built on a
hillock, is rich in sculptural beauty.
Leepakshi is also famous for the seven-hooded coiled serpent
carved out of a single stone and the Panchalingas.
The Panchalingas are the five main lingas in the
Leepakshi temple complex comprising of the Papanaseswara linga of
sage Agastya, the Rama linga, the Nagalinga (17ft high), the linga
consecrated by Hanuman and the Tandaveshwara consecrated by
monolithic Nandi (Basavanna) is 4.6 meters high and 8.23 metres
New Delhi. Shaped like a blooming lotus, the Lotus Temple is the
only Baha�i Temple in the country. The temple was constructed in
1980-81 and is the latest of the seven Baha�i temples in different
parts of the world. A total of 45 lotus petals form the walls that
internally create a feeling of light and space.
Uttar Pradesh. Lucknow
was the abode of Nawabs of Avadh, who constructed several important
buildings like the Bara Imambara, the Chota (Husainabad) Imambara,
Shahnajaf Imambara, Asfi Masjid, Rumi Darwaza, Sikander Bagh, Kaiser
Bagh, Chattar Manzil and Nandan Mahal. Lucknow is also famous for
the Shaheed Smaarak (built to mark the first centenary of the First
War of Independence), the Prince of Wales Zoological Gardens
(founded in 1921) and Dilkusha.