Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh. Built of lime and mortar, these tombs are
excellent examples of Indo-Saracenic architecture.
of Palwal, located in Faridabad district, has an important place in
the history of Haryana. It is believed that the Pandavas spent one
year of their secret exile or 'Agyatwas'
at this place. The
Panchvati temple, Draupadi Ghat and the Dau Temple are important
religious monuments of this place. It was also at Palwal that
Mahatma Gandhi was arrested by the British Government while he was
on his visit to Punjab on April 10, 1919 to protest against the
killings of the Jalianwala Bagh.
To mark this event a 'Gandhi Sewashram' was built on the
outskirts of the town.
Madhya Pradesh. Pachmarhi is a beautiful hill resort
girdled by the Satpura ranges.
The important tourist attractions at Panchmarhi are
Priyadarshini Point, Handi Khoh, Apsara Vihar, Rajat Pratap, Raj
Giri, Duchess Fall, Jata Shankar, Chhota Mahadeo, Mahadeo,
Chauragarh, Dhupgarh and Pandav Caves.
West Bengal. This place is famous for its Buddhist
Sanctuary and represent the largest Buddhist ruins south of the
Panipat: Haryana. This is the place
where three great battles were fought.
The place is famous for Ibrahim Lodi�s tomb; Kabuli Shah
mosque (built by Babar and named after his wife Kabuli Begum);
Chabutara Fateh Mubarak near the mosque; Jain temples in Holi
Mohalla and shrine of saint Abu Ali Kalandar.
Parasurama Kshetras: Karnataka. The seven
muktisthalas of Karnataka, Udupi, Kollur, Subrahmanya, Kumbasi,
Kodeshwara, Sankaranarayana and Gokarna are described as Parasurama
Kshetras as they were believed to have been created on the land
reclaimed from the sea by Parasurama. Gokarna is one of the
celebrated Shiva temples in Karnataka, enshrining the Atma Lingam.
Jharkhand. Located in Hazaribagh, these were the abodes of the Jain
Tirthankaras, most of whom had attained salvation here including
Parsvanatha, the 23rd Tirthankara.
Pataliputra: Bihar. Located in
modern Patna, it was the capital city of the Mauryas. The Third
Buddhist Council was held here during Ashoka�s reign.
It was also the venue of the First Jain Council in 4 BC.
Punjab. It was a Sikh principality founded by
Baba Ala Singh in 1764 AD but became famous under its 8th
Maharaja Bhupender Singh. Important
places in Patiala include the Motibagh Palace (built by Maharaja
Narinder Singh) with its Sheesh Mahal and Hall of Mirrors and the
Bihar. The modern Patna, which is known in history by several names
like Kusumpur, Pushpapur, Patliputra and Azeemabad, saw the
rise and fall of India�s earliest major kingdoms. Its period of
glory spanned a thousand years, from 6th century BC to 6th century
AD. Ajatashatru, the second Magadh king, built a small fort at
Patligram at the confluence of river Ganges and Sone. This later
became the famous Mauryan metropolis of Pataliputra and was ruled by
Chandragupta Maurya and his grandson Ashoka.
Other emperors who ruled from Patna were the Gupta and Pala
Kings, Sher Shah Suri (16th century) and Azimush-Shan (18th
century), grandson of the Mughal emperor Aurangzeb who renamed it
important historic places of Patna include: Agam Kuan; Gol Ghar;
(Built by Maharaja Ranjit Singh, a ruler of Punjab, it is one of the
holiest Sikh shrines, being the birthplace of the tenth religious
Guru of the Sikhs, Guru Gobind Singh); Jalan Museum; Khuda
Baksh Oriental Library; Kumrahar; Padri Ki Haveli; Patthar Ki Masjid
(also known as Saif Khan�s Mosque, Chimni Ghat
Mosque or Sangi Masjid); Sadaqat Ashram (It
has a museum having personal belongings of the first President of
India Dr Rajendra Prasad); the Birla Mandir, Nawab
Shahib-ka-Maqbara, Paschim Darwaza and Begu Hajjam�s mosque.
Pattadakal: Karnataka. Referred
to as 'Petrigal' by Ptolemy, Pattadakal was later known variously as
'Raktapura' (Red Town) and 'Pattadakal Kisuvolal'.
famous for the early Chalukyan temples.
The Verupaksha and the Sangameshwara temples are famous.
The Pawapuri or Apapuri, located about 90 kilometres from
Patna, is a great pilgrimage centre of the Jains.
Mahavira had delivered his last sermon here, took Mahaparinirvana
and was cremated here. Jalamandir, the white marble temple in the
middle of a lake, is a centre of Jain pilgrimage, along with the
Pitalkhora is an early Buddhist site, which has first century
BC sculpture remains, and fifth century painting remains. The site
has yielded many unusual sculptures, including wonderful yaksa
Uttar Pradesh.A village located in the
Siddharthnagar district is identified as Kapilavastu, the capital of
the Sakya clan to which Buddha belonged.
West Bengal. It was an important battlefield associated
with Nawab Siraj-ud-Daula, who fought a valiant but unsuccessful
battle against the British in 1757.
Pudukkottai: Tamil Nadu.
Pudukkottai was a Princely state in the 17th Century AD.
It has rich reserves of archaeological and cultural remains
at Kodumbalur, Narthamalai, Kudumianmalai, Kunnandarkoil,
Sittannavasal, Thirumayam and Avudaiyarkoil. The nearby Sittannavasal
has a rock cut Jain cave temple dating back to 2nd
Century BC. There are a few sculptures of Jain Thirthankaras in the Ardhamandapam
and inner shrine of the Cave temple. Kudumianmalai, located about 20
kms from Pudukkottai, has a beautifully sculptured temple with a
thousand pillar-hall dedicated to Sikhagireeswarar. Avur
is renowned for the old chapel constructed in 1547
AD and the new Roman Catholic Church constructed in 1747 AD.
Pune: Maharashtra. Pune can be
considered as the cultural capital of Maharashtra. Shivneri, near
Pune, was the birthplace of Shivaji. The Peshwas enriched the city
with temples, gardens and educational institutions.
It was at Pune that Bal Gangadhar Tilak introduced the
principle of Swadeshi during the freedom movement. Pune is famous
for the Aga Khan Palace (it has the samadhi of Kasturba
Gandhi), Raja Dinkar Kelkar Museum, Lal Deval or the Jewish
Synagogue built by David Sassoon in 1867, Iyengar Yoga Institute,
Shanirwada (built in 1736, this was once the palace of the Peshwa
rulers), Saras Baug, Bund Gardens, National Defense Academy, Panshet
Lake, Bund Gardens (Mahatma Gandhi Udyan), Parvati and Devdeveshwar
temples, Osho Teerth, Pataleshwar cave Temple and Mahadaji Shinde's
Chhatri. Jejuri, near Pune is known for its Khandoba temple.
Purana Qila: New Delhi. It is site
where the second Mughal emperor Humayun made a city called Dinpanah
(refuge of the faithful). When
Sher Shah Suri overthrew Humayun, he rebuilt the city and called it
Dilli Sher Shahi or Shergarh. The Purana Qila has three main gates
� the Humayun darwaza, Talaqi darwaza and Bara darwaza.
Many believe that the Purana Qila is the site of the legendary city
of Indraprastha. Excavations
at the Purana Qila have yielded Painted Grey Ware pottery belonging
to 1000BC and coins of the Gupta (about 4-5th century AD)
and post-Gupta periods. The Qila-i-kuhna masjid built by Sher Shah
Suri in 1541AD is one of the most fascinating buildings in the
Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh. Built by the first Nizam of Hyderabad, it
is a large building surrounded by high walls where the Nizam used to
hold his cabinet council meetings.
Pushkar: Rajasthan. Located about 11km
from Ajmer city in Rajasthan, it is believed to be the only place in
the world where a Brahma Temple (Jagat
Shri Brahma Temple) is found. Other important places
include Boraji temple, Old Rangnathji temple, Rangnathji temple,
Apteshwar Mahadeo Temple, Warrach Temple,
Man Mahal and Pushkar Lake.
A cattle fair is held every year at Pushkar on the Karthik
Andhra Pradesh. It is located in Anantapur district and is an
internationally famous place of worship associated with the
spiritual and religious head Shri Satya Sai Baba.
Qadam-i-Rasoool: Orissa. Literally
meaning "the foot-print of the Prophet", it is a small
shrine in the city of Cuttack built by Nawab Shujauddin Khan, the
deputy Nizam of Orissa in 1715 AD.
The architecture is a blend of Hindu and Afghan style of
architecture. It is believed that the shrine shelters the
footprints of Prophet Muhammad on a circular stone in its central
Quilon: Kerala. It is an ancient city
dating back to 9th century AD.
The Malayalam era is calculated from the date of the
foundation of this town.
Qutub Minar: Delhi. The Qutub Minar, a
huge tower located in Mehrauli, was built in the honour of the
famous saint Khwaja Qutubuddin Bakhtyar Kaki.
It was started in 1192 AD by Qutub-ud-din Aibak but completed
by Iltutmish in 1230 AD. It
is hit by lightening twice � first during the reign of
Muhammad-bin-Tughlaq and again during Feroze Shah Tughlaq's time. It
was renovated by Firoz Shah Tughlaq in 1369 AD after it was damaged
by lightening. The
diameter of the Qutub Minar is 14.32m at the base and about 2.75m at
the top. It measures a
height of 72.5m and contains a spiral staircase of 379 steps. The Alai
Darwaza, near Qutub Minar, was built by Allaudin Khilji
in 1311 AD.
Qutub Shahi Tombs:
Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh.These are a cluster of six magnificent
tombs situated a kilometer north of Golconda Fort's Banjara Darwaza
built in a unique architectural style which is a mixture of Persian,
Pathan and Hindu forms. The tomb of the fifth king of the Qutub Shahi
dynasty and founder of Hyderabad - Mohammed Quli Qutub Shah is one of
the largest and most imposing of these monuments.
Delhi. The Quwwat-ul-Islam Masjid was started in 1192 by
Qutub-ud-din Aibak but was finished four years later. It is
considered as the earliest mosque in India. The mosque has
beautiful Islamic calligraphy, the arabesque designs and pillars
with pre-Islamic Hindu motifs.
The tomb of Imam Zamim, who was the Imam of the mosque
during Sikander Lodi's time, is located in the mosque compound.
It also has within its precincts an uncorroded Iron Pillar.
Raipur: Chhattisgarh. It is the
capital and the district headquarters of the newly created state
Bihar. It is the place where Mahavira died in 468
BC. The First
Buddhist Council was held here in 487 BC during the reign of
was the ancient capital of the Magadh emperors and an important
pilgrimage centre for the Buddhists, Jains, Hindus and Muslims. It
was the capital of the mighty Magadhan Empire in the fourth
century BC. It is also construed as the first recorded capital in
Indian History. It was in Rajgir that Lord Buddha delivered some
of his famous sermons and converted king Bimbisara of the Magadh
Kingdom to Buddhism. Rajgir is also reverently mentioned in
Ramayana and Mahabharata. The
First Buddhist Council was held here on one of the hills in the Saptaparni
Cave, which is also the source of the Rajgir hot water
springs, considered sacred by the Hindus. The Chinese scholar
Fahien also visited Rajgir. Rajgir is also the site of the Vishwa
Shanti Stupa, the "Peace
Pagoda" built by the Japanese.
Important tourist places in and around Rajgir include: Gridhakuta
or the "Hill of the Vultures" (the site where
Buddha returned after his enlightenment to deliver his sermon and
set in motion his second wheel of law and converted the powerful
Magadhan king, Bimbisara into the Buddhist order); Karnada Tank
(the place where Lord Buddha used to bathe); Venuvana (the
Bamboo grove was the royal park built by King Bimbisara and gifted
to Buddha in order to make it easier for his devotees to visit
him); Pipali Cave (a rectangular stone sculpted by the
forces of nature on the Vaibhava Hill which became the resort of
pious hermits, also popularly known as "Jarasandha ki Baithak");
Amaravana or Jivaka�s Mango Garden (which
marks the site of the dispensary of the royal physician, Jivaka,
who happened to dress the wounds of Buddha here when he was
injured by his hostile cousin Devadutta); Ranbhumi (is
believed to the place where Bhima killed the mighty Jarasandha
after a month long wrestling duel);
Ajatshatru�s Fort; Swarna Bhandar (two
strange cave chambers hollowed out of a single massive rock which
has inscriptions in the hitherto un-deciphered Shankhalipi or
Shell script etched into the wall); the Cyclopean Wall (a
Pre-Mauryan stone); Brahmakund
( a popular hot spring) and Kundalpur
(the Digamber sector of the Jains believe that Lord Mahavir was
born at Kundalpur).
Bihar. It is another medieval settlement on the eastern
fringe of Bihar. The
Jami Masjid, Akbari Masjid, Mughal Bridge, Jagat Seth�s mint, an
old temple at Kanhaiyasthan which houses the foot prints of
Chaitanya Mahaprabhu are interesting places in Rajmahal. In the
paddy field lies an interesting 17th century tomb acknowledged as
the first octagonal tomb of eastern India.
New Delhi. It is the famous gurudwara in Delhi where
the 9th Sikh Guru, Guru Tej Bahadur is cremated.
Nadu. The sacred island town of Rameswaram is famous for the
Ramalingeshwara Temple. Rameshwaram
has the longest corridor in the world.
It also has the Dhanushkodi, the meeting point
of Bay of Bengal and the Indian Ocean. Rameshwaram is connected to
the Indian mainland by the Pamban
Bridge. Ramnathswamy Temple, Gandhamadhana
Parvadham, Kothandaramaswamy Temple at Dhanushkodi and Kurusadai
Island are important places in Rameshwaram. The Gulf of Mannar has
been declared as a Bio-sphere Reserve. Erwadi,
located about 21 kms from Rameshwaram, is well-known for the tomb
of Ibrahim Syed Aulia.
picturesquely in the heart of Chotanagpur at an altitude of 2,140 ft
above sea level, Ranchi is the capital of the newly created state of
Jharkhand. It is famous for the Ranchi Hill bearing a Shiva temple
and the Ranchi Lake ,
the Tagore Hill named
after Ravindra Nath Tagore who is believed to have written a part of
his famous Gitanjali here, besides other poems, the Ram Krishna
Ashram, the 17th century Kankedam Temple, where the annual Rath
Yatra (car festival) is held in the month of June/July.
The place is also renowned for the Hatia Dam and the Hundru,
Jonha, Sita, Dassam, Hirni, Lodh and Sadni Falls. McCluskieganje,
located about 60 kms from Ranchi, is a sleepy hamlet, which was once
popular with Anglo-Indian families with their typical cottages,
clubs and shops. Netarhat, the queen of Chotanagpur, located about
156 km from Ranchi is a beautiful summer resort.
Balarajgarh is famous for the ramparts of an ancient
fort of Raja Bali. Bhimbandh has hot water springs flowing in rivulets.
Uttaranchal. It is a beautiful hill station near Nainital, which
offers panoramic views of the western Himalayas.
New Delhi. It is the official residence of the President of
India. It is the
largest presidential residence in the world. Built of cream and red
sandstone, it is a synthesis of Hindu, Muslim and Colonial
building comprises of the magnificent Durbar Hall, the Ball Room,
the State Dining Room and private chambers.
It has 227 columns, 35 lobbies, 37 fountains and 340 rooms.
The Mughal Garden at the Rashtrapati Bhawan is famous for a large
variety of roses.
Raymond's Tomb: Hyderabad,
Andhra Pradesh. Located in Saroornagar,
about 10 km from Hyderabad city centre, the Raymond's Tomb is a 7m
high black granite obelisk or the pillared shrine with ornate
initials 'J.R.' engraved on its sides. The initials stand for
Jaochim Raymond, a gallant French trader-turned-soldier who was the
Comptroller of Ordnance during the times of the Fourth Nizam of
Hyderabad, Nizam Ali Khan. The
area where he developed a garden is now known as the "Moosarambagh".
A 28-pillared open structure resembling a Grecian temple is
located close to the Raymond's tomb.
Delhi. The fort, built by Shah Jahan, was completed in nine years at
a cost of about a ten million rupees. The fort is octagonal in plan,
like most Islamic buildings in India. On the north the fort is
connected to the smaller Salimgarh fort by a scaffold. The main
entrance nowadays is through the Lahori gate. The Chhatta Chowk,
Naubat or Naqqar Khana or Hathipol, Diwan-i-Am, the Mumtaz Mahal,
Rang Mahal, Khas Mahal, the Diwan-i-khas, the Hamam and the Shah
Burj give testimony to the magnificence of the fort.
Uttaranchal. Famous pilgrimage centre known for the Laxman Jhoola,
Muni-ki-Reti, Bharat Mandir, Nilkanth Mahadev, Raghunath Mandir,
Triveni Ghat, Chandreshwar Temple, Someshwar Temple, Hanuman Temple
(erected in 1924 by Swami Ramdas), Rajaji National Park and
Kedarnath Musk Deer Sanctuary. Rishikesh also has several ashrams
like Sivanand Ashram, Yoga Niketan, Omkaranand Ashram, Swargashram,
Geeta Bhavan, Parmarth Niketan, etc.
Haryana. Rohtak is one of the
historical districts of Haryana. It finds a mention in the Mahabharata
as well as the Skanda Purana. People also believe that
Kartikeya, Lord Shiva�s son, rode around Rohtak on a peacock.
Rohtak was the site of many strong forts in the past like
Meham, Hansi, Sirsa, Meerut, Hastinapur, Satkumbha, Sthaneshweri,
Mohanbari, Prakritnagar, Patannagar, Havannagar and Malba. Khokrakot,
near Rohtak, is a place where ruins of the forts of Khokar King
Khokhrashah are found. Archeologists have found many coins and
articles of historical importance from this site. The other
important places in Rohtak include the Dini and Adina Masjids;
Pirzada Masjid; Shahjahan Ki Baoli; the Gaokaran tank and the
Punjab. It is the site of an ancient Indus Valley settlement.
Rothney Castle: Himachal Pradesh.
Located in Simla, it was the home of A.O.Hume.