The major folk dance forms of Punjab are Bhangra, Dankara, Dhamal, Gatka, Gidda, Jaago, Jhummir (Jhumar), Julli, Luddi, Kikli and Saami.
It is one of India's popular folk dances. Bhangra celebrates the harvest and is associated with the festival of Baisakhi. It is performed to the accompaniments and songs of the dholak. The costumes worn by the dancers are very colorful, depicting the spring season.
Dankara or the gaatka dance is a dance of celebration and forms part of wedding festivities. Two men, each holding colourful staves, dance round each other and tap their sticks together in rhythm with the drums.
It is similar to Bhangra and is danced by men in a circle.
Martial art dance of the Nihang Sikhs.
It is the counterpart of the Bhangra and is danced by the womenfolk. The dancers enact verses called bolis, which represent folk poetry at its best. The dance is a group number, but often the individual dancers or pairs detach themselves from the group and perform while the rest keep clapping in rhythm.
This is performed at the time of marriages, where girls dance through the village streets carrying pots (gaggar) decorated with lightened candles and sing the jaagu songs.
Jhummir (Jhumar): It is an old dialectical folk dance form of Punjab that originated in Baluchistan in Pakistan. After Partition, the dance faded away from the Indian Punjab, except in parts of Ferozepur district, where it is practised by some Rai Sikh migrants from Pakistan. Unlike the fast-paced and vigorous Bhangra, jhummir is a slower, more rhythmic dance and is usually performed by men. Dancers circle around the drummer, and keep up a soft, sibilant chorus as they dance. The dance is accompanied by the rhythm of dhol (drum) and bolian (songs).
Jhulli is generally danced in the dargahs of the Muslim holy men called pirs. This dance is mostly performed in sitting posture, wearing black costumes.
This dance is performed by women in pairs. They cross their arms, hold each other’s hands and whirl around singing folk songs.
Luddi is a victory-dance having vigorous swaying movements of the head. Its costume is a simple loose shirt.
This dance is performed traditionally by women of the Sandalbar region, now in Pakistan. The dancers are dressed in bright coloured clothes and put a peculiar silver hair ornament.