India is an ancient, but a continuing civilization. Various streams have flown into it to lend a unique character to its people and their history and cultural evolution. Culturopedia.com aims to bring you closer to understanding the 5000-year old ancient culture and heritage of India, as well as introduce you to the modern India and what constitutes it.
This website on India covers well-researched articles on the National Symbols of India, Indian Architecture and Sculpture, Arts & Crafts of India, Indian Cinema, Theatre in India, Indian Music and Dance, Painting in India, Performing arts of India, Fashion industry in India, Fairs & Festivals of India, Religions of India, Languages and Literature of India, Tribes of India, Honours & Awards, Institutions & organisations of cultural importance and India’s famous personalities.
The well-researched articles on Culturopedia.com would also prove to be very useful to all those who are preparing for Civil Services Examination or other such competitive exams where questions on Indian art and culture form a critical component of the examinations.
Ancient Indian Languages
Prakrit and Pali are the languages belonging to the Middle Indo-Aryan period (600 B.C. to 1000 A.D.). The various Prakrit dialects that were in use include ‘Maharastri’, ‘Sauraseni’, ‘Magadhi’ and ‘Paisaci’. Pali and Ardha-Magadhi are also Prakrits, which were used in early Buddhist and Jain literature. Some well-known early works in Pali include ‘Tripitakas’, ‘Petakopadesa’, ‘Visuddhimagga’ and ‘Milindapanha’.
Shekhawati Wall Paintings
Shekhawati havelis of Rajasthan are renowned for their wall paintings. These havelis were profusely painted with frescos depicting gods and kings, flowers and arabesques and scenes from everyday life.
Mewar was in the forefront in all fields of creative art and architecture under illustrious rulers like Maharana Kumbha and Maharana Sanga. Multi-painting sets of ‘Ramayana’, ‘Gita-Govinda’, ‘Sur Sagar’, ‘Arsh Ramayana’ and ‘Rasikapriya’ were prepared in an unmistakably bold, colourful and well defined style.
Marwar Paintings have typical bold lines and blazing colours and show well-built heroic males wearing prominent whiskers and huge turbans along with colourfully attired dainty damsels. Extensive series of paintings illustrating ‘Shiva Purana’, ‘Natacharitra’, ‘Durgacharitra’, ‘Panchatantra’ and the ‘Kama Sutra’ were produced under his patronage.
Kishangarh Paintings are typified by elongated human faces, lavish use of green, panoramic landscapes and portrayal of Radha and Krishna in elongated faces.
The earliest traces of painting in the Dhundhar or Amer-Jaipur region are to be found on the wall structures belonging to the Mughal period at Bairat. This school of painting reached its acme towards the close of the 18th century during the reign of Sawai Pratap Singh.
Bundi or Hadoti Paintings
Bundi or Hadoti School of paintings began under Rao Chattar Sal (1631-1659 A.D.). A typical Bundi-Kota miniature has graceful women with round faces, receding foreheads and shins, strong noses, full cheeks, lotus petal eyes, sharp eyebrows and well-formed bodies.
Folk Dances of Telangana
Important Folk Dances of Telangana include Dappu Nrityam or Dappu Dance, Lambadi, Perini Sivatandavam, Gusadi and Mayuri.
Folk Dances of Nagaland
Popular Folk and Tribal Dances of Nagaland include Aaluyattu, Agurshikukula, Butterfly Dance, Changai Dance, Khamba Lim, Kuki Dance, Leshalaptu, Mayur Dance, Modse, Monyoasho, Sadal Kekai, Seecha & Kukui Kucho, Shankai & Moyashai and Rengma.
Folk Dances of Mizoram
Popular Folk and Tribal Dances of Mizoram include Chawnglaiznam, Chheihlam and Chiraw. Chawnglaiznam dance is performed by the Pawi tribe.
If you have unanswered questions on India’s pluralistic society, its rich cultural diversity and its ancient civilization, art and culture or if you want to know about the history of Bollywood, Indian music and dance, Indian languages and literature, Indian religions, tourist places, its diverse cuisine and many interesting facts on India, then this is the right place for you. Just jump to the contents.
Stay up to date with Culturopedia
Subscribe to our newsletter for the latest articles on India