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Culturopedia is an Encyclopaedia of India’s Art and Culture, its Heritage and Customs & Traditions. It tries to expose you to the various facets of the culture and heritage of India, its customs and people, arts, crafts and architectural styles.

India is an ancient, but a continuing civilization. Various streams have flown into it to lend a unique character to its people and their history and cultural evolution. Culturopedia.com aims to bring you closer to understanding the 5000-year old ancient culture and heritage of India, as well as introduce you to the modern India and what constitutes it.

This website on India covers well-researched articles on the National Symbols of India, Indian Architecture and Sculpture, Arts & Crafts of India, Indian Cinema, Theatre in India, Indian Music and Dance, Painting in India, Performing arts of India, Fashion industry in India, Fairs & Festivals of India, Religions of India, Languages and Literature of India, Tribes of India, Honours & Awards, Institutions & organisations of cultural importance and India’s famous personalities.

The well-researched articles on Culturopedia.com would also prove to be very useful to all those who are preparing for Civil Services Examination or other such competitive exams where questions on Indian art and culture form a critical component of the examinations.

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Secular Festivals of India

Secular Festivals of India include Baisakhi, Bohag Bihu, Gangaur, Gudi Padwa, Kharchi, Lohri, Teej, Makar Sankranti, Onam, Raksha Bandhan, Pongal, Ugadi and Sair-e-Gulfaroshan orPhool Walon-ki-sair.

Jewish Festivals

The Feast of Passover or Pesach is the most important festival of the Jews. It is also known by various other names such as Hag-ha-matzoth (‘festival of unleavened bread’), Zema Herutemu (‘season of our freedom’) and Hag-ha-aviv (‘festival of spring’). ‘Purim’ or the ‘Festival of Lots’ commemorates the first recorded victory of Jews over anti-Semitism.

Buddhist Festivals

Buddha Purnima or Buddha Jayanti, the birth anniversary of the Buddha, is celebrated in April/May. Referred as the Saga Dasa in Sikkimese and Vishakha Puja in the Theravada tradition, it is the most important of all the Buddhist festivals. Losar is the New Year Festival of Mahayana Buddhists, generally known as Sonam Losar in Sikkim. Tsechu Festival is held in many monasteries of the Indian subcontinent to commemorate the birth of Padmasambhava.

Muslim Festivals

Muslim Festivals – Eid-ul-Fitr, Id-Ul-Azha or Id-Ul-Zuha, Milad-un-Nabi, Bara Wafat, Muharram, Yaum Al Ashoora, Shab-i-Qadr, Shab-i-Baraat and Shab-i-Miraj.

Religious Festivals

Followers of all religions in India such as Hinduism, Islam, Christianity, Sikhism, Jainism, Buddhism, Zoroastrianism, Judaism, etc observe a wide variety of festivals. Religious Festivals : Hindu Festivals Muslim Festivals Christian Festivals Sikh Festivals Buddhist...

Hindu Festivals

Hindu Festivals – Diwali or Deepavali, Dhan Teras, Durga Puja, Dussehra, Ganesh Chaturthi, Hanuman Jayanti, Holi, Janmashthami, Karwa Chauth, Mahanavami, Maha Shivratri, Naag Panchami, Rath Yatra of Lord Jagannath, Sharad Purnima, Skanda Shashthi and Vaikunth Ekadashi.

Sanskrit or Classical Theatre

Bharata’s ‘Natya Shastra’ is the earliest detailed treatise and handbook on dramatic art. The ancient Indian philosopher-poet, Asvaghosa, is considered as the first Sanskrit dramatic author who composed ‘Sariputraprakarana’ in nine acts. Traditionally ten types of Sanskrit plays are identified. Sanskrit plays always have a happy ending and tragedies and controversies are rarely depicted.

Gujarati, Urdu and Hindi Theatres

The foundation for the modern Gujarati and Urdu-Hindi Theatre was laid by the Parsi dramatic companies laidin mid-1850s. Bharatendu Harishchandra was the pioneer of the Hindi drama movement with his best-known plays are ‘Satya Harishchandra’, ‘Andher Nagari’ and ‘Bharat Durdasha’. The city of Hyderabad gained much fame as an important centre of Urdu theatre, which flourished on the theme of humour.
‘Adrak Ke Panje’ is acclaimed by the ‘Guinness Book of World Records’ as the longest one-man show, having run from 1965 to 2001.

Bengali Theatre

Bengali Theatre was established with the staging of Bengali translation of two English comedies by Goloknath Das in Calcutta in 1795. Dwarkanath Tagore and Jyotirindranath Tagore were responsible for building and running a private theatre called the ‘Jorasanko Theatre’. Girish Chandra Ghosh, one of the first great men of Bengali theatre, wrote a series of historical plays like Siraj-ud-daula and Mir Kasim on the theme of British oppression, using historical figures and situations to convey a contemporary message. In the post-Independence period the Bengali theatre witnessed a marked change in style with the coming on to scene of great playwrights like Badal Sarkar, Mohit Chatterjee, Arun Mukherjee and others.

Shekhawati Wall Paintings

Shekhawati havelis of Rajasthan are renowned for their wall paintings. These havelis were profusely painted with frescos depicting gods and kings, flowers and arabesques and scenes from everyday life.

If you have unanswered questions on India’s pluralistic society, its rich cultural diversity and its ancient civilization, art and culture or if you want to know about the history of Bollywood, Indian music and dance, Indian languages and literature, Indian religions, tourist places, its diverse cuisine and many interesting facts on India, then this is the right place for you. Just jump to the contents.

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