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Prakrit and Pali are the languages belonging to the Middle Indo-Aryan period (600 B.C. to 1000 A.D.). The various Prakrit dialects that were in use include ‘Maharastri’, ‘Sauraseni’, ‘Magadhi’ and ‘Paisaci’. Pali and Ardha-Magadhi are also Prakrits, which were used in early Buddhist and Jain literature. Some well-known early works in Pali include ‘Tripitakas’, ‘Petakopadesa’, ‘Visuddhimagga’ and ‘Milindapanha’.
Shekhawati havelis of Rajasthan are renowned for their wall paintings. These havelis were profusely painted with frescos depicting gods and kings, flowers and arabesques and scenes from everyday life.
Mewar was in the forefront in all fields of creative art and architecture under illustrious rulers like Maharana Kumbha and Maharana Sanga. Multi-painting sets of ‘Ramayana’, ‘Gita-Govinda’, ‘Sur Sagar’, ‘Arsh Ramayana’ and ‘Rasikapriya’ were prepared in an unmistakably bold, colourful and well defined style.
Marwar Paintings have typical bold lines and blazing colours and show well-built heroic males wearing prominent whiskers and huge turbans along with colourfully attired dainty damsels. Extensive series of paintings illustrating ‘Shiva Purana’, ‘Natacharitra’, ‘Durgacharitra’, ‘Panchatantra’ and the ‘Kama Sutra’ were produced under his patronage.
The earliest traces of painting in the Dhundhar or Amer-Jaipur region are to be found on the wall structures belonging to the Mughal period at Bairat. This school of painting reached its acme towards the close of the 18th century during the reign of Sawai Pratap Singh.
Bundi or Hadoti School of paintings began under Rao Chattar Sal (1631-1659 A.D.). A typical Bundi-Kota miniature has graceful women with round faces, receding foreheads and shins, strong noses, full cheeks, lotus petal eyes, sharp eyebrows and well-formed bodies.
Popular Folk and Tribal Dances of Nagaland include Aaluyattu, Agurshikukula, Butterfly Dance, Changai Dance, Khamba Lim, Kuki Dance, Leshalaptu, Mayur Dance, Modse, Monyoasho, Sadal Kekai, Seecha & Kukui Kucho, Shankai & Moyashai and Rengma.
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