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Religious Festivals

Followers of all religions in India such as Hinduism, Islam, Christianity, Sikhism, Jainism, Buddhism, Zoroastrianism, Judaism, etc observe a wide variety of festivals. Religious Festivals : Hindu Festivals Muslim Festivals Christian Festivals Sikh Festivals Buddhist...

Hindu Festivals

Hindu Festivals – Diwali or Deepavali, Dhan Teras, Durga Puja, Dussehra, Ganesh Chaturthi, Hanuman Jayanti, Holi, Janmashthami, Karwa Chauth, Mahanavami, Maha Shivratri, Naag Panchami, Rath Yatra of Lord Jagannath, Sharad Purnima, Skanda Shashthi and Vaikunth Ekadashi.

Indo-Islamic Architecture

Indo-Islamic Architecture introduced new elements into the Indian architecture such as use of shapes, calligraphy, ornamentation using inlay work, and use of coloured marble, painted plaster and glazed tiles. The mosque or ‘masjid’ is a simplest representation of the Islamic art. Tombs introduced an entirely new architectural concept to India.

Jain Architecture

Jain architecture cannot be construed as having its own style, as it started off as an offshoot of the Hindu and Buddhist styles. Jains started building temple-cities on hills based on the concept of ‘mountains of immortality’. The most spectacular of all Jain temples are found at Ranakpur and Mount Abu in Rajasthan.

Pandya and Hoysala Architecture

Pandya Architecture focussed on building several gopurams to the existing temples. Hoysala Architecture invoved building polygonal or star-shaped temples. The Sundara Pandya ‘gopuram’ is an splended example of Pandya Architecture. Temples erected by the Hoysala kings have a distinctive style of architecture. The Hoysala temples have complicated plans, which may be polygonal or star-shaped with numerous angled projections.

Mauryan Architecture

Mauryan Architecture represents the earliest surviving architectural heritage in India with some of the finest specimens of Indian art. The greatest monument of Chandragupta Maurya’s period was the old palace at the site of Kumrahar. According to the account of Megasthenes, the palace was more magnificent than the Achaemenian palaces of Susa and Persepolis. The earliest rock-cut sculpture in India was the Ashokan rock-edict at Dhauli, near Bhubaneshwar, which has a sculpted elephant on the top, signifying Ashoka’s conversion to Buddhism after his Kalinga victory.

Indus Valley Civilization

Indus Valley Civilization’s chief characteristic was its extensive town planning, evident from the gridiron pattern of cities. Great Bath of Mohenjodaro is exemplary. Prominent Harappan sites include Dholavira (Gujarat), Kalibangan (Rajasthan), Lothal (Gujarat) and Sarkotada (Gujarat). The most striking of the Harappan buildings was the Great Bath of Mohenjodaro.

Vijayanagara Architecture

Vijayanagara Architecture is an amalgamation of the Dravidian style of the Cholas and the Pandyas, the Chalukya-Hoysala tradition and the Indo-Islamic art of Bijapur. The Vijayanagara rulers built strong fortresses, gorgeous palaces and beautiful temples. The city of Vijayanagara was studded with so many temples that it was called ‘Kovilapura’.

Odisha Architecture

The temples at Odisha, afford some of the finest examples of the Indo-Aryan style of temple architecture, which is distinct from the South Indian style. A typical Orissa temple or ‘deul’ has a square building or assembly hall called ‘jagamohan’ in its front, which corresponds to the ‘mandapa’.

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