Gujarati, Urdu and Hindi Theatres

The first play published in Gujarati was Laxmi Natak by Dalpatram in 1850, it was inspired by ancient Greek comedy Plutus by Aristophanes. The Parsi dramatic companies laid the foundation for the modern Gujarati and Urdu theatre in mid-1850s. In the year 1852, a Parsi...

Kannada Theatre

Modern Kannada theatre had a beginning in 1918 with the staging of a drama by T.P. Kelaram. In 1930s, K.S. Karanth, A.N.Krishna Rao and others went far ahead to enrich it. After Independence, Girish Karnad, Lankesh and their other contemporaries have contributed a...

Marathi Theatre

Vishnu Das Bhave was a pioneer of Marathi theatre, who tried to give a new dimension to the Indian theatre with his effective plays like Raja Gopichanda and Sita Swayamvar in 1840s. His innovations consisted in having the play’s characters act in a manner closer...

Bengali Theatre

The origin of the modern Indian theatre movement can be traced to the building of the Calcutta Theatre in 1779, which had Warren Hastings as one of its patrons. The first play was staged by a Russian dramatist, Horasim Lebedev along with a Bengali theatre lover...

Shadow Theatre in India

  Shadow Theatre is a unique kind of performing art that is close to puppetry, but differs from it in the sense that while in puppet theatre the audience directly sees the puppet figures, in shadow theatre they only see the shadow cast on the screen. There is a...

Tolubommalata

  Tolubommalata is a 700-years old leather puppetry shadow theatre tradition found in the Telugu speaking areas of South India like Andhra Pradesh and parts of Karnataka and Tamil Nadu. Very little is known of its form or its practitioners prior to the late 1950s,...
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