National Film Awards:
The National Film Awards are considered as the most prestigious awards for cinema in India. It began in 1954 and is currently managed by the Directorate of Film Festivals. The awards are given in the categories of Feature Films and Non-Feature Films made in Hindi and other regional languages. The awards are selected by members of independent juries for films produced in the previous year as per the National Film Award Regulations. The award ceremony is held in New Delhi during which the awards are given away by the President of India. A National Film Festival is organised after the ceremony, where the award-winning films are screened for the public.
The ‘Swarna Kamal’ or the ‘Golden Lotus Award’ is given for the following categories: Best Feature Film, Best Direction, Best Popular Film providing wholesome entertainment, Best Children’s Film and the Indira Gandhi Award for Best First Film of a Director, while the ‘Rajat Kamal’ or the ‘Silver Lotus Award’ is inter alia given for Best Actor and Actress, Best Art Direction, Best Supporting Actor and Actress, Best Costume Design, Best Playback Singers and Best Choreography, besides the Nargis Dutt Award for Best Feature Film on National Integration and Best Films on family welfare, environment conservation and other social issues.
The awards in the Non-Feature Film category include those for Best Non-Feature Film, Best Biographical Film, Best Arts/Cultural Film, Best Anthropological or Ethnographic Film and Best Scientific Film among others. Awards are also given for the Best Film Critic on cinema and the Best Book on cinema.
Dadasaheb Phalke Award:
The Dadasaheb Phalke Award was instituted in 1969 and is considered as the Government of India’s highest national honour for cinema. Named after the veteran film actor Dada Saheb Phalke, the Award is presented every year to senior film personalities for their overall contribution to cinema and the arts. It carries a “Swarna Kamal” and a cash prize of Rs. 10 lakh (Rs. 1 million).
Devika Rani became the first recipient of the first Dada Saheb Phalke Award in 1969. The subsequent recipients of the Award include B.N.Sircar (1970), Prithviraj Kapoor (1971-posthumous), Punkaj Mullik (1972), Sulochana (Ruby Meyers) -1973, B.Nagi Reddy (1974), Dhiren Ganguly (1975), Kanan Devi (1976), Nitin Bose (1977), R.C.Boral (1978), Sohrab Modi (1979), P.Jairaj (1980),Naushad Ali (1981), L.V. Prasad (1982), Durga Khote (1983), Satyajit Ray (1984), V.Shantaram (1985), B.Nagi Reddy (1986), Raj Kapoor (1987), Ashok Kumar (1988),Lata Mangeshkar (1989), A.Nageshwara Rao (1990), Bhalji Pendarkar (1991),Bhupen Hazarika (1992),Majrooh Sultanpuri (1993), Dilip Kumar (1994), Dr Raj Kumar (1995), Shivaji Ganeshan (1996), Pradeep (1997), B.R.Chopra (1998), Hrishikesh Mukherjee (1999), Asha Bhonsle (2000), Yash Chopra (2001), Dev Anand (2002), Mrinal Sen (2003), Adoor Gopalakrishnan (2004), Shyam Benegal (2005), Tapan Sinha (2006), Manna Dey (2007), V.K. Murthy (2008) and D.Ramanaidu (2009).
The Filmfare Awards, which were introduced in 1954, are one of the oldest and most prominent film awards. These awards were initially referred to as the Clare Awards after the editor of The Times of India, Clare Mendionca. The awards are presented annually by The Times Group to honour artistic and technical excellence of professionals in the Hindi cinema.
Only five awards were presented in the categories of Best Film, Best Director, Best Actor, Best Actress, and Best Music Director during the first awards function held on 21 March 1954. The Best Film award was given to the film ‘Do Bigha Zameen’, the Best Director’s Award was given to Bimal Roy, the Best Actor Award was given to Dilip Kumar and the Best Actress Award was given to Meena Kumari, while Naushad bagged the Best Music Director’s award. The most awards won by a single film is ‘Black’ (11 awards) in 2005. The most Best Actor awards was bagged by Dilip Kumar (8 awards), followed by Shahrukh Khan (7 awards) and Amitabh Bachchan (5 awards). The most Best Actress award was bagged by Nutan.
Related Links on Indian Cinema :
- History of Indian Cinema
- Silent Films of India
- Era of Talkies
- Early Films of India
- Films of the 1960s onwards
- New or Parallel Cinema
- Regional Cinema
- English Films in India
- International Recognition for Indian Cinema
- Film Journalism
- Film Censorship in India
- Institutions Associated with Cinema
- Famous Personalities of Indian Cinema