Marwar Paintings

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Marwar paintings, also known as the Jodhpur style of painting, are a significant branch of Rajput painting from the Marwar region, which includes cities like Jodhpur, Pali, Nagaur, and Bikaner in Rajasthan, India. This school of painting flourished primarily from the 17th to the 19th century under the patronage of the Rathore rulers of Marwar.

The development of Marwar paintings coincided with the rise of the Rathore dynasty’s power and their eventual establishment in Jodhpur. Under the patronage of the Marwar court, this artistic tradition developed a distinct style, integrating both local and Mughal influences, which were a result of political alliances and interactions with the Mughal empire.

Marwar paintings are distinguished by their bold use of colours and robust portrayal of figures. The palette is dominated by bright reds, yellows, and blues. Unlike the delicate and refined figures typical of Mughal paintings, Marwar art depicts its subjects with marked robustness, reflecting the martial ethos of the Rajputana region.

The themes of Marwar paintings often revolve around historical narratives, royal portraits, hunting scenes, and episodes from Hindu epics like the Ramayana and Mahabharata. There is also a significant emphasis on depicting the pomp and splendour of the royal court.

Religious themes are also prominent, with a special focus on the devotion to Krishna and the worship of Shiva, reflecting the spiritual inclinations of the patrons. Scenes from Krishna’s life, such as his exploits and his romantic escapades with the gopis, are common subjects, painted with vivid emotion and intricate detail.

 

 

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