Places of Cultural Importance (I-J)

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Iltutmish’s Tomb: Delhi. This is located in the Qutub Minar complex and was built in 1235 A.D.

Imphal: Manipur.  Imphal is the capital of Manipur. Important places in Imphal are Shri Govindajee Temple, in which the shrines of Krishna and Balram and Jagannath flank the two sides of the presiding deity, Vishnu; Khwairamband Bazar or Ima Market (a unique all-women’s market), Shaheed Minar, War Cemetery and Khomghampat Orchidarium. Andro is an ancient Scheduled Caste village, located about 27 km from Imphal.

India Gate: New Delhi. India Gate, designed by Lutyens, is the famous war memorial, which commemorates the thousands of soldiers who died in the First World War. Under its 43 m high arch lies the Amar Jawan Jyoti, commemorating the Indian armed forces losses in the India-Pakistan War of 1971.

Indore: Madhya Pradesh. The city of Indore was planned and built by Rani Ahilya Bai, the brave Holkar queen. It was once the summer capital of the Scindia rulers of Gwalior. Indore is famous for the Lal Baag Palace; Bada Ganpati, which is a temple housing a 25 ft. high idol of Lord Ganesha; Kanch Mandir (a Jain temple); the Town Hall or Mahatma Gandhi Hall; Geeta Bhavan; Rajwada, which is a 200 year-old, historic palace of Holkars; Chhatris and the 21-ft. statue of Lord Gomateshwar, built as a replica of the Bahubali statue of Shravanvelagola.

Jageshwar: Uttaranchal. Located about 40km from the Almora district, it consists of a complex of 124 temples. Some consider Jageshwar as the site of the ‘Jyotirlinga’.

Jaipur: Rajasthan. Jaipur, known as ‘Pink City’, is named after its founder Maharaja Jai Singh II (1693-1743), who ruled Jaipur from 1727-1793 A.D. Jaipur was earlier part of the Dhunder region, which had its capital at Amber. Jaipur is famous for the City Palace; Jantar Mantar (largest of Jai Singh’s five observatories); Hawa Mahal (built in 1799 by Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh); Govind Devji Temple; Sisodia Rani Palace; the Sisodia Rani Ka Bagh; Swargasuli or Isar Lat (a very high tower built by Sawai Ishwari Singh in 1749AD); Ram Niwas Bagh (built by Sawai Ram Singh II in 1868 AD); the Albert Hall (designed by Sir Swinton Jacob); Galtaji (an ancient pilgrimage centre); the temple of the Sun god, built by Diwan Kriparam; the Jain Temple; Moti Doongri and Lakshmi Narayan Temples; Maharani-ki-Chhatri; the Jal Mahal located at the centre of the Man Sagar Lake (built by Sawai Jai Singh I) , the Kanak Vrindavan Complex of temples and gardens; Ghat ki Guni ; Vidyadhar-ka-Bagh; Amer (former capital of the Kachhwaha rulers); Amer Palace, Shila Mata Temple; Mohan Bari or Kesar Kyari; Maotha Lake; Dilaram Bagh; Jagat Shiromani Temple; Panna Mian-ka-kund; Jaigarh ; Nahargarh ; the Jain temples at Sanganer ; Ramgarh Lake; Samode Palace and Bairath (a historical place with the excavated remains of a circular Buddhist temple).

Jaisalmer: Rajasthan. The ‘Golden City’ of Jaisalmer was founded in 1156 AD by a Bhatti Rajput prince Rawal Jaisal. The Jaisalmer Fort with its four gateways- Akhaiya Pol, Ganesh Pol, Suraj Pol and Hava Pol; Manak Chowk and Havelis; Gadsisar Lake; Tazia Tower; the 19th century Nathmalji-ki-Haveli; Patwon-ki-Haveli; Salim Singh-ki-Haveli and the exquisitely carved Jain Temples dedicated to the Jain Tirthankaras – Rishabdev, Sambhavnath and Parswanath are some of the important places in Jaisalmer.

Jallandhar: Punjab. Jallandhar is known as the ‘Sports City of India’. It is famous for the Sodal temple, the mausoleum of Imam Nasir, Phillaur Fort and the Gurudwara at Kartarpur built by Guru Arjan Dev in 1656 A.D.

Jama Masjid: Delhi. Jama masjid is the biggest mosque in India. It was begun by Shah Jahan in 1650 and completed six years later at a total cost of about a million rupees.

Jantar Mantar: New Delhi. This is one of the five astronomical laboratories built by Raja Sawai Man Singh. The other four observatories are located at Jaipur, Ujjain, Varanasi and Mathura (now in ruins). The Bhairoji Temple is located near the Jantar Mantar at New Delhi.

Jasidih: Bihar. Located about 220 km southeast of Patna, Jasidih attracts travellers due to the international popularity of the ascetic Swami Satyananda and his Rikhya Yoga Ashram.

Jaunpur: Uttar Pradesh. The town, situated at the right bank of river Gomti, was founded by Firoz Shah Tughlaq and named in the honour of Muhammad Tughlaq (Juna Khan). Under the Sharqi dynasty it became a great centre of art and culture. The town is famous for the Atala Masjid built in 1378 A.D.

Jodhpur:  The district of Jodhpur was known as the ancient kingdom of Marwar or the ‘Land of Death’. It was the largest kingdom in Rajputana and the third largest of the Indian Kingdoms, after Kashmir and Hyderabad. Meharangarh Fort, Moti Mahal, the Phool Mahal, the Sheesh Mahal, the Sileh Khana , Daulat Khana, Jaswant Thada (built in 1899 of Maharaja Jaswant Singh II), Umaid Bhawan Palace, Girdikot and Sardar Market, Balsamand Lake, Mandore, Mahamandir Temple (built in 1812), Dhawa wildlife sanctuary, Nagaur Fort, Badal Mahal, Sheesh Mahal and Hadi Rani Mahal at Nagaur and the Luni Fort are some of the interesting places in and around Jodhpur.

Jogeshwar Caves: Maharashtra. Located in the western suburbs of Mumbai, it is second largest known cave after the Kailasa cave in Ellora and houses a Brahmanical temple dating back to the 6th century A.D.

Please click on the alphabet to see places and monuments of cultural importance:

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