Places of Cultural Importance (T)

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Tarangambadi: Tamil Nadu.Tamil Nadu. Once the site of a Danish settlement, Tarangambadi has the remains of the Dansborg fort built by Ore Gedde, the commander of the Royal Dutch Navy in the 17th century.

Tawang: Arunachal Pradesh. It is the site of the 350-years old India’s largest Buddhist monastery which is located at an altitude of 10,000 feet. The Tawang Monastery was established by a Monpa Lama named Loore Gyalso, popularly known as Mera Lama, somewhere between 1643-1647. The spiritual center of the universe for the Monpas is the Tawang Galden Namgyal Lhatse. This divine site is believed to have been chosen by the celestial white horse. Its library is a repository of thousands of block-printed commentaries and treatises on the subject of Mahayana Buddhism.

Taxila: Bihar. It is an ancient university that churned out people like Kautilya, Panani and Charaka.

Tezpur: Assam. Described as Sonitpur in the olden days, Tezpur or the ‘city of blood’ is famous of the ruins of Agnigarh which is associated with the legendary romance of Usha and Anirudha. It is also renowned for the Da Parbatia temple, which depicts the carvings of the Gupta School of sculpture and represents the finest and oldest specimen of sculptural art in Assam. The other architectural attractions of Tezpur include the ruins of Bamuni Hills, depicting sculptural remains of the ninth and tenth century A.D., the Bhairavi and Mahabhairab temples, the twin tanks of Bar Pukhuri and Padum Pukhuri and the Cole Park and Bhalukpung.

Thanesar: Located near Kurukshetra, Thanesar is a sacred town for Hindus because Lord Shiva in the form of Lingam was first worshipped here. The town is also the birthplace of King Harsha and was visited by the Chinese traveller Huen Tsang. The Tomb of Sheikh Chilhi Jalal, Chini Masjid and Pathar Masjid are some important monuments of this place.

Thanjavur: Tamil Nadu. Thanjavur (Tanjore) is renowned for the world-famous Brihadeeswara temple built by Raja Raja Chola. The Brihadeshwara Temple has the second largest Nandi in India. Thanjavur Palace, Sangeetha Mahal, Saraswati Mahal Library, Raja Raja Chola Art Gallery, Siva Ganga tank, Sharja Madi and Schwarz Church (built in 1779 by Raja Serfoji in the honour of Revered Schwartz of Denmark) are other important places around Thanjavur. Thiruvaiyaru (place associated with Saint Thyagaraja), Kumbakonam, Mariamman Temple, Thiruvidai Maruthur, Thirunageswaram, Patteswaram, Poondi Madha Shrine, Swamimalai (one of the six abodes or Arupadaiveedu dedicated to Lord Subramanya), Suriyanar Koil, Thingalore and Alangudi are other important religious places outside Thanjavur.

Thiruvananthapuram: Kerala. Thiruvananthapuram or Trivandrum is the capital city of Kerala and is an abode of temples, mosques and churches. It is renowned for the Sri Padmanabhaswamy temple, Napier Museum and the Shanmugham Beach. Kovalam Beach, Veli lagoon, Neyyar Dam, Aruvikkara (pilgrim centre with a Bhagavathi temple), Varkala (2000-year old Janardanaswamy Temple and Samadhi of Sri Narayana Guru), Agasthyakoodam (prominent peak in the Sahyadri ranges), Padmanabhapuram Palace and Ponmudi hill station are important tourist centres around Thiruvananthapuram.

Tiruchirapalli (Trichy): Tamil Nadu. Tiruchirappalli or Trichy is famous for the Lord Ranganatha temple at Srirangam. Rock Fort, Sri Jambukeshwara Temple, Agatheesware Temple, Arunachaleeswarar Temple, Tiruvannaikaval and Srirangam Temple (also known as “Nawab Thottam” in the honour of Nawab Muhammad Wallajah) are other important places in Trichy.

Tirunelveli: Tamil Nadu. The town of Tirunelveli was once the capital of the Pandyas and has a history dating back to 2000 years. The main attraction of Tirunelveli is the twin temple of Kanthimathi-Nellaiappar dedicated to Parvati and Shiva respectively. The Krishnapuram temple dedicated to Lord Vishnu, Sankara Narayanan Temple, Courtallam, the Holy Cross Church at Manappad, Kalyanatheertham, Panartheertham, Shiva Temple at Papanasam (site of the Chitrai Vishu and the Adi Ammavasai festivals), Agasthiyar Temple and Falls, Swayambulingasamy (Shiva Temple) at Nadar Ovari and the Roman Catholic Centre at Bharathar Ovari are other important places outside Tirunelveli.

Tirupati: Andhra Pradesh. Popular for its Lord Venkateswara Temple located atop the Tirumala Hills in Chittoor district, which is described as the richest temple in India. It is one of the oldest temples in India, mentioned in Shastras and Puranas. Other important pilgrimage centers in the town include Swami Pushkarini — the sacred tank adjacent to the temple, Akasa Ganga waterfall, Papavinasanam, Vaikunth Tirtham, Tumburu Tirtham, the Govindaraja temple, the shrine of Padmavati in Tiruchanur, the Kapileswara temple at Kapilatirtham, the Rama temple in Tirupati and the Parasareswara temple at Jogi- Mallavaram near Tiruchanur. Tirupati is also famous for the Chandagiri Fort, which was once a stronghold of the Vijayanagar Empire.

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