Aerophones or Wind Instruments

  Sushira Vadya or Aerophones include all wind instruments such as ‘Bansuri’ (Flutes), ‘Nadaswaram’ (‘Nagaswara’), ‘Shehnai’, ‘ninkirns’, ‘Bean’ (not to be confused with the Rudra Veena), ‘pungi’, ‘Sumai’, ‘Mohuri’, ‘Karna’, ‘Khung’, ‘bhuri’, ‘kombu’ (‘sringa’),...

Percussion Instruments or Drums

  Avanaddha Vadya (Membranophones or Percussion Instruments or Drums) are percussion instruments that have one or two faces covered with hide or skin. These include ‘Tabla’, ‘Pakhawaj’, ‘Mridangam’, ‘Chenda’, ‘Dhol’, ‘Dholak’, ‘Ghatam’, ‘Dugitaranag’, ‘Dhap’, ‘Tavil’,...

Devotional Music

  India is a land of diverse faiths and beliefs and is bound by a common thread of music, which is an essential constituent of most religious practices. In the Vedic period (3000-1500 B.C.), music was solely ritualistic. Some of the earlier forms of the Indian...

Bengali Folk Music

  The three well-known forms of Bengali folk music are the ‘Baul’, ‘Bhatiyali’ and ‘Baowaia’, each having its own characteristics.   Baul: Baul is not merely a kind of music, but basically a Bengali religious sect. The members of the sect are themselves called...

Indian Musical Instruments

  It is not known when exactly the early musical instruments came into existence in India but they find mention in several ancient texts like the ‘Upanishads’, ‘Samhitas’, Valmiki’s ‘Ramayana’, ‘Bhagwad Gita’ and the Sangam classics. Many of the instruments mentioned...
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